Mount Hood from The Dalles

Accession Number
1940.426

Title
Mount Hood from The Dalles

Artist(s)
John Stanley

Object Creation Date
1871

Medium & Support
oil on canvas

Dimensions
62 in x 96 ½ in (157.48 cm x 245.11 cm);62 in x 96 ½ in (157.48 cm x 245.11 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Edith Stanley Bayles and the late Mrs. Jane C. Stanley

Label copy

John Mix Stanley, a painter and a trained photographer, accompanied several expeditions to the American frontier. He painted this view of Mount Hood in the Oregon territory from memory with the aid of sketches and photographs. Stanley viewed himself as an anthropologist recording threatened peoples and cultures and was best known for his representations of Indigenous people. Here he includes an encampment of Indigenous people in the painting’s middle ground, but his intentions in documenting Indigenous life were complicated. Stanley created traveling shows and “Indian” panoramas that perpetuated stereotypes and catered to an audience largely supportive of policies that caused the wholesale decimation of Indigenous communities. Whether it was intentional or not, Stanley’s work reinforced the idea that the United States was destined to “civilize” Indigenous people and justified westward expansion.



Subject matter
Painted from The Dalles, an area known as the end of the Oregon Trail along the Columbia River, this view of Mount Hood, the surrounding Oregon landscape, and a Native American encampment is a composite picture, painted from memory with the aid of sketches and daguerreotypes.
Stanley was a largely self-taught artist who developed his style, reminiscent of the Hudson River School of painters, as a staff artist for expeditions to the West in the 1840 and 50s.

Physical Description
Landscape painting with white mountain peak in center background, body of water in foreground, and a Native American encampment to left.

Primary Object Classification
Painting

Primary Object Type
landscape

Collection Area
Western

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
Landscapes
Native American
houses
mountains
riverbanks
rivers
tipis
trees
water
water (inorganic material)

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