Advanced Search

K-12 Educator
K-12 Student
Museum Visitor
UMMA Docent
UMMA Staff
University Faculty
University Student
Between and Mortarboard


UMMA Object Specific Fields






Query builder

Faucet with Peacock Spigot and Lion-Headed Spout

Accession Number
1959/1.114

Title
Faucet with Peacock Spigot and Lion-Headed Spout

Artist(s)
Iranian

Artist Nationality
Iranian

Object Creation Date
12th century

Medium & Support
bronze

Dimensions
11 1/4 in. ( 28.6 cm )

Credit Line
Museum Purchase

Label copy
March 28, 2009
Since antiquity, artists in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East had produced bronze vessels in the shape of animals to hold liquids or to serve as incense burners, oil lamps, and even fountains. Although the manufacture of such vessels lapsed in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages, this Syrian faucet eloquently testifies to the continuity of this tradition in Mediterranean lands under Islamic rule. Europeans encountered such Islamic vessels and fixtures through trade and the Crusades; these cross-cultural contacts initiated a revival in the production of animal-shaped bronze vessels in the West beginning in the twelfth century. The large scale of the faucet suggests that it originally served as part of a fountain, but this is still speculation. One of the most engaging types of these Islamic-inspired vessels was the aquamanile, an example of which is displayed in this case.

Subject matter
Since Antiquity artists in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East had produced bronze vessels in the shape of animals to hold liquids, or to serve as incense burners, oil lamps, and even fountains. Although the manufacture of such vessels lapsed in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages, this Syrian faucet decorated with animals eloquently testifies to the unbroken continuity of these traditions in lands around the Mediterranean under Islamic rule. The large scale of the faucet suggests that it might have originally served as part of a fountain.

Physical Description
This large bronze faucet features a peacock spigot and a lion-headed spout.

Primary Object Classification
Metalwork

Collection Area
Western

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
bronze (metal)

8 Related Resources

Arts from Persia and Iran
(Part of: Ancient and Classical Civilizations)
Before 1492
(Part of 3 Learning Collections)
Medieval Mediterranean
(Part of 4 Learning Collections)
Second Grade Tour: Healthy Living
(Part of: Visit UMMA: Curricular Tour Descriptions for Teachers)
Second Grade: Healthy Living Tour    
(Part of: Docent Curricular Tours)
Visual Cultures of Islam - Ceramics
(Part of: Visual Cultures of Islam )

& Author Notes

All Rights Reserved