This portfolio showcases the work of the artist group, der blaue Reiter. Formed in Munich in 1911, the group was born when its leaders, Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, broke away from the Neue Künstlervereinigung München (New Artists’ Association of Munich), after Kandinsky’s painting, Last Judgment, was rejected for an exhibition. Emblematic work of the Der blaue Reiter incorporates abstract shapes that work together to form a flattened perspective. The horse is a recurring motif throughout their work, as is the color blue, which, in accordance with their understanding of color theory, was thought to most closely portray spirituality. The group was brought to an end with the end of World War I.
This portfolio brings together work by some of the key figures in der blaue Reiter, and covers the years leading up to the formation of the group, the period when the group was active, and the years directly following the end of World War II. As such, it offers the opportunity for approaching the work in a comparative way – both across artists, as well as time frames, by considering the creative development of the members.
Heinrich Campendonk Seated Harlequin 1922 woodcut | paper Museum Purchase 1954/1.165