Lesson Plan: Symmetry and Islamic Tile

Objectives

Students will identify geometric design concepts--radial design, repetition, and tessellations--found in Islamic ceramic tiles.

National Core Standards

• Apply criteria to evaluate artwork
• Relate artistic ideas and works with societal, cultural, and historical context to deepen understanding

K-2

Time Required

One or two class periods

Materials

• Images of Islamic tiles that contain symmetry
• Tracing paper
• Small mirrors
• Ruler

Lesson

1. Discuss and display geometric vocabulary: angle, plane, shape

2. Discuss and display design vocabulary: repetition, symmetry, two-dimensionality. Can students find a repeated pattern in the room (Floor tiles, ceiling, wall paper, notebook cover)? Is it symmetrical? Is it flat or does it look like it is “popping out”? Ask for examples of symmetry found in nature (butterfly, human face, leaf).

3. Show students examples of symmetrical UMMA Islamic tiles. Using these designs and others, trace patterns on paper and demonstrate that they could be folded in half. Some designs are symmetrical on a vertical axis and some are horizontal, and some are both.

4. Give students a square piece of paper, lightly divided in quadrants. Ask them to explore symmetry using tracing paper and rulers. If you have access to small mirrors, ask students to hold the mirror perpendicular to the axis and see if the design is the same in the reflection as on their paper.

Extension Activities:

• Explain how symmetry can be graphed with an x and y-axis. Using students’ symmetrical designs, draw a graph on top, with (0, 0) coordinates in the center.
• Use a compass: Demonstrate how a compass works and explain that almost all Islamic design is founded on the circle and line. If you are able, watch “All the Possible Polygons,” an animated drawing. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBgIWQcC6lM Allow students to experiment with compasses and create symmetrical designs.
• Experiment with The Geometer’s SketchPad, mathematics visualization software http://www.dynamicgeometry.com/
• For advanced math students, refer to the mathematic formulas behind the design. See “Symmetry and Islamic Art:” http://www.math.ups.edu/~bryans/Current/Spring_2014/5_Ameneh_mccullough_project.pdf

7 Tags & 0 Keywords

Tags
Ceramic — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)
Design — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:48 am)
Islamic — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)
Math — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)
Symmetry — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)
Tesselation — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)
Tile — by John Turner (October 17 2016 @ 10:47 am)

Part of 1 Learning Collection

Lesson Plan: Asian Epics
“Stories from the Past: Narrative in Asian Art” UM...

Lesson Plan: Ganesha and Vishnu Avatars
“Divine Encounters, Earthly Pleasures: Twenty Centu...

Lesson Plan: Calligram
“Doris Duke’s Shangri La: Architecture, Landscape, ...

Lesson Plan: Translating a Familiar Landscape
“Tradition Transformed: Chang Ku-nien Master Painte...

Lesson Plan: Collaborative Scroll of Images and Poetry
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

Lesson Plan: Community Contracts
“Curriculum Slam: Classroom Resources,” November 29...

Lesson Plan: Compare and Contrast Drawing and Sculpture
UMMA Exhibition, “The Graphic Dimension: Prints and...

Lesson Plan: Content and Style – Corresponding or Contradicting?
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

Lesson Plan: Setting the Scene – Descriptive Writing with Photography
“Teaching with Photography,” UMMA Workshop for Educ...

Lesson Plan: Not a Failure . . . Just a Draft
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

UMMA Teacher Workshop, 2009 Lesson created by Clau...

Lesson Plan: Environmental Art
“Andy Goldsworthy: Mountain and Coast, Autumn Into ...

Lesson Plan: Family Dynamics
“Curriculum Slam: Classroom Resources,” November 29...

Lesson Plan: Finding Inspiration
“Doris Duke’s Shangri La: Architecture, Landscape, ...

Lesson Plan: Image Sequence
“Inge Morath and Arthur Miller: China,” UMMA Teach...

Lesson adapted from Educator Resources, Victoria & ...

Lesson Plan: Making Paint
“Curriculum Slam!” UMMA Teacher Workshop, October 2...

Lesson Plan: Road Trip Memory Book

Lesson Plan: Memory Maps, Using the Mitchell Map (1755)
“Benjamin West: General Wolfe and the Art of Empire...

Lesson Plan: Multipoint Perspective: Using Art to Teach Writing
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

Lesson Plan: Murals and Math
“The Villa of the Mysteries in Pompeii: Ancient Rit...

Lesson Plan: The New Sublime and Photographic Landscape
“Teaching with Photography” UMMA Teacher Workshop,...

Lesson Plan: Panorama Handscroll Using Multiple Literacies
Lesson inspired by Elaine Wilson’s “Charting the Wo...

Lesson Plan: Photo Voice
“Casting Shadows” UMMA Teacher Workshop, December 6...

Lesson Plan: Photographic Genre Image Hunt
“Inge Morath and Arthur Miller: China,” UMMA Teach...

Lesson Plan: Photographic “Truth”
“Teaching with Photography,” UMMA Workshop for Educ...

Lesson Plan: Photography, Shadow, and Collage
“Inge Morath and Arthur Miller: China,” UMMA Teach...

Lesson Plan: Photojournalism
“Teaching with Photography,” UMMA Workshop for Educ...

Lesson Plan: Playing with Scale in Landscape or Still Life
“Tradition Transformed: Chang Ku-nien Master Painte...

Lesson Plan: Exploring the Emotional Impact of Portraiture Through Free Writing
UMMA Teacher Workshop, “Xu Weixin: Monumental Portr...

Lesson Plan: Portraiture and Identity
“Mai Thu Perret: An Ideal for Living,” UMMA Teache...

Lesson Plan: Positive and Negative Space in Photography
“Teaching with Photography,” UMMA Workshop for Educ...

Lesson Plan: The Science of Seeing Art
“Curriculum Slam: Classroom Resources,” November 29...

Lesson Plan: Setting Up a Collaborative Short Story
“Teaching with Landscape Photography,” UMMA Teacher...

Lesson Plan: Six Room Image Poem
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

Lesson Plan: Artists and Social Change
UMMA Workshop for Educators, “Casting Shadows,” pho...

Lesson Plan: Understanding Photographs
“Embracing Eatonville,” Offsite Exhibition UMMA Te...

Lesson Plan: Visible Thinking
UMMA Exhibition, “The Graphic Dimension: Prints and...

Lesson Plan: Sketching and Exploring
“On Beauty and the Everyday: The Prints of James Mc...

Lesson Plans: Ideas for Writing with Portraits
UMMA Teacher Workshop, “Xu Weixin: Monumental Portr...

Lesson Plan: Zen Pinch Pot
UMMA Teacher Workshop, March 19, 2003

Lesson Plan: Zoom In: The Significance of Detail
“Creative Literacies: Expanding our View,” UMMA Wor...

K-12 Educator
UMMA Docent
UMMA Staff

& Author Notes

Creative Commons by-nc-sa

Last Updated

March 6, 2017 1:19 a.m.

Reporting Policy