Danza de los TlacololerosArtist(s)Carlos MéridaArtist NationalityGuatemalanObject Creation Datecirca 1937-1939Medium & Supportlithograph on paperDimensions
16 7/8 in x 12 1/2 in (42.86 cm x 31.75 cm)Credit LineMuseum PurchaseSubject matter
This is one of a series of ten prints that depict the traditional dances of México. Mérida was the co-founder of the dance school for the Secretariat of Education (Escuela de la Danza de la Secretaría de Educación Pública), which worked to preserve the native dances of the region. In addition to this set, at this time, he produced a number of series that cataloged the popular arts and industries of Mexico and his native Guatemala.
This dance originated in the town of Chichihaulco in the state of Guerrero, Mexico. It is performed during the festival of the town's patron saint, St. Michael, in September. The dance shows the story of Tlacololero, a farmer, who completes various feats to protect the land. Included in these feats is killing a jaguar and a tiger. It is performed as a way to bring a rich harvest. It was originally performed in honor of the Aztec rain god, Tlaloc.Physical Description
Centered on the page, this print shows two figures. The one in the foreground is wearing a grey cloak, while the one in the back has a blue cloak. Both figures have one orange boot, and orange hats. Also both figures are wearing red masks with stylized mustached-faces. The front figure holds an orange whip, and the back figure holds a white whip.Primary Object ClassificationPrintCollection AreaModern and ContemporaryRights
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Aztec (culture or style)
Panthera onca (species)
farmers (people in agriculture)
modern and contemporary art
whips (disciplinary tools)