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Copyright
All Rights Reserved ()

October

Accession Number
1973/1.806

Title
October

Artist(s)
Mark Tobey

Artist Nationality
American (North American)

Object Creation Date
1970

Medium & Support
lithograph on Arches paper

Dimensions
25 1/8 in x 33 9/16 in (63.82 cm x 85.25 cm);31 in x 39 15/16 in (78.74 cm x 101.44 cm);16 7/8 in x 26 5/8 in (42.86 cm x 67.63 cm)

Credit Line
Museum Purchase

Subject matter
This work is characterized by the allover painting and calligraphic "white writing" style for which Tobey is most well known.  He was deeply influenced by the Bahai faith to which he subscribed—a belief system that asserts that all of humanity is interconnected by a single faith and the deeper spiritual connection between humans and the natural universe. These ideologies are represented in Tobey's work, such as October, in which many calligraphic and lyrical lines are interwoven in an all-over pattern. The lines radiate throughout the work in every possible direction and give the print a sense of depth. The white lines, in particular, stand out from the more muted tones and black lines and highlight the calligraphic nature of these "white writing" works. Created at the end of Tobey's career, after he was settled in Switzerland, he learned and developed printmaking as one of his final artistic pursuits.

Physical Description
This abstract color lithograph is made up of swirling lines and patterns of white, black, orange, pink and green inks. These forms make up an all-over image and appear similar to splatters or drips of ink. The print is signed and dated (l.r.) "Tobey 1970" and editioned (l.l.) "19/200" in pencil.

Primary Object Classification
Print

Primary Object Type
abstract

Collection Area
Modern and Contemporary

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
Bahaism
abstraction
allover patterns
calligraphy (visual works)
color lithographs
modern and contemporary art

& Author Notes

All Rights Reserved