#2 Realism, Naturalistic, Abstraction

Densely painted, this painting depicts a battle with figures both on foot and on horseback.  Fallen figures in the foreground are mirrored by a line of figures still engaged in combat in the futher distance.  The rump of a white horse at the left is balanced by another pale horse and rider (with banner) that approaches the viewer at right.
Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps
Study for The Defeat of the Cimbri (Étude: La Défaite des Cimbres)
oil on canvas
15 3/8 in. x 21 1/16 in. ( 39.05 cm x 53.5 cm )
The Paul Leroy Grigaut Memorial Collection
Two women accompanied by a pair of putti appear seated in the foreground of this painting. On the left sits a winged woman crowned with a laurel wreath and wearing a long white robe and a vivid ocher-colored mantle. She leans on a globe while cradling a large book in her right arm to which she points with her left hand. In her right hand she holds a compass. A putto peeks from beneath her mantle, and a viol is visible beneath the globe. The other woman sits on a cloud. She wears a golden crown and a richly colored blue mantle. She grasps a lyre with her left hand and leans toward the woman seated next to her, gesturing in the direction of the book with her right hand. A second putto stands near her left shoulder holding a gold circlet in his left hand. The background is filled with glimpses of neoclassical architecture, including fluted columns and a facade with a row of Ionic columns supporting an entablature.
Sebastiano Conca
Fame and Erato, Muse of Love Poetry
oil on canvas
24 3/4 in. x 31 in. x 2 in. ( 62.87 cm x 78.74 cm x 5.08 cm )
Museum purchase made possible by a gift from Helmut Stern
A bearded man, wearing majestic red robes with a large ermine collar and a green turban surmounted by a crown, sits on a throne at left. He leans forward, holding a long thin scepter in his right hand while touching his chest with his left. Before him stand two women supporting a third, who has fainted. This third woman wears a splendid blue robe ornamented with a row of opulent clasps, a luxurious golden cloak lined with pink fabric, and a crown that seems to tilt precariously on the back of her head. The man looks intently into the face of the fainted woman, while the two women, in turn, watch his expression closely.
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)
Esther before Ahasuerus
oil on canvas
5 ft. 2 7/8 in. x 7 ft. 1 7/16 in. (159.6 x 217 cm);5 ft. 2 7/8 in. x 7 ft. 1 7/16 in. (159.6 x 217 cm);6 ft. 7 1/2 in. x 8 ft. 4 1/2 in. (201.93 x 255.27 cm)
Museum Purchase
The low horizon used in this landscape painting creates a sense of expansive sky and flat terrain, which is divided equally between river and land. Figures and animals engage in variety of activities on the riverbank and in boats, including fishing and ferrying cargo and animals. Silhouetted against the vast sky stands a fortress on a spur of land with an orange flag flying from its tower. The opposite bank is visible in the distance as a dark broken line across the shining stretch of water.
Salomon van Ruysdael
View of the Fortifications at Gennep on the Maas River
oil on canvas
22 9/16 in x 34 7/16 in (57.31 cm x 87.47 cm);29 ¾ in x 41 ⅝ in (75.57 cm x 105.73 cm);22 9/16 in x 34 7/16 in (57.31 cm x 87.47 cm)
Museum purchase in honor of Charles H. Sawyer made possible by the W. Hawkins Ferry Fund
A large, Gothic ruin dominates the scene.  The west portal of a large church stands with full light, from the left, illuminating its portal.  Along its second story ivy grows across the facade while trees cluster in the L-shaped angle toward the right and other vegetation is evident along the roofline of the structure.  Several women enter through the main doorway of the building.  A stone wall encircles the structure and two houses occupy the land immediately to the left of the church ruin.  In the foreground a lane leads past the church with a man leading a black horse and a running hound  in the right foreground, and a figure with its back to the viewer is visible at the left foreground.  Behind the scene, dark, wind-swept clouds indicate a recent storm that has now passed, allowing golden light to suffuse the landscape.
James Ward
Tintern Abbey
oil on panel
36 1/2 in. x 48 in. x 3 1/4 in. ( 92.71 cm x 121.92 cm x 8.26 cm )
Museum purchase made possible by a gift from Helmut Stern
A fallen man in the red coat of the 18th c. British military officer lies face down in a landscape. To the left, holding his hand, is a grieving widow and infant son. Behind the grouping is a landscape that opens off to the left with the reddish glow of continued combat. Behind the figures, a drapery has been set in the trees to frame the grouping and separate it from the distant landscape behind them.
Joseph Wright of Derby
The Dead Soldier
oil on canvas
65 in x 78 in x 5 in (165.1 cm x 198.12 cm x 12.7 cm)
Museum purchase made possible by the W. Hawkins Ferry Fund and anonymous individual benefactors
This painting shows the interior of a large prison room. There is a thick stone wall and iron grating. Three figures are the focal point of this composition. One man, in a dark blue cloak, is standing and faces two other men who stare intently at his face. One of them is seated with a leg iron, on a stone bench and the other leans on a stone ledge. They are are dressed in simple brown cloaks. The standing figure has a raised left arm and is gesturing with his hand outstretched toward the other figures.<br />
Nöel Hallé
Joseph Interpreting the Dreams of Pharoah's Servants
oil on canvas
44 1/16 in x 37 3/4 in (112 cm x 95.8 cm);44 1/16 in x 37 3/4 in (112 cm x 95.8 cm);52 1/16 in x 45 3/4 in (132.24 cm x 116.21 cm)
Museum purchase made possible by a gift from Helmut Stern
A man in a powdered wig is shown in a bust-length pose, looking to the right.  He is dressed in a silk coat with a blue and bronze-colored silk scarf at his throat.
Jean-Baptiste Perronneau
The Engraver, Laurent Cars (1699-1771)
oil on canvas
19 15/16 in. x 15 7/8 in. ( 50.6 cm x 40.3 cm )
Museum Purchase
M. Bachelier is shown seated at a desk dressed in a high powdered wig and sumptous gold-embroidered velvet coat and waistcoat. Behind the figure is a rich cloth, pulled back to reveal columns. On the elaborately carved desk are papers and a writing set. M. Bachelier extends his left hand towards the viewer, suggesting that we have interepted him while writing at his des. The painting&#39;s coloring consists of rich burgundy red, green, tan and gold.
Jean-Baptiste Oudry
M. Bachelier, Director of Customs at Lyon (M. Bachelier, Directeur des fermes de Lyon)
oil on canvas
54 7/16 in x 41 11/16 in (138.27 cm x 105.89 cm);61 ½ in x 49 in (156.21 cm x 124.46 cm)
Museum Purchase
Three apostles, each holding an identifying attribute, stand in a row as full-length figures on this painted panel. On the left stands the youthful beardless St. John holding a chalice with a snake coiled in the cup. Next to him appears the bald and bearded St. Thomas, holding an architect&#39;s square. The bearded figure of St. James the Less appears on the left with an open book in his left hand and a long fuller&#39;s club in his right. Scrolls above each apostle&#39;s head contain a line from the Apostles&#39; Creed in Latin.
Jan Joest
Three Apostles: St. John the Evangelist, St. Thomas, and St. James the Less with the Apostles' Creed
oil on panel, mounted on panel
32 in x 23 ¼ in x 2 in (81.28 cm x 59.06 cm x 5.08 cm);32 in x 23 ¼ in x 2 in (81.28 cm x 59.06 cm x 5.08 cm)
Museum Purchase


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