Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara (Chinese, Guanyin) with a willow branch and vaseArtist(s)ChineseArtist NationalityChinese (culture or style)Object Creation Date618-907Medium & SupportMolded terracotta votive plaqueDimensions
2 3/4 in. x 1 3/4 in. ( 7 cm x 4.4 cm )Credit LineGift of Mrs. Caroline I. Plumer for the James Marshall Plumer CollectionLabel copy
Bodhisattvas, or spiritually advanced beings destined to become Buddhas, play a central role in Mahâyâna Buddhism, as embodiments of certain aspects of the teachings and as divinities to whom one could pray. Throughout Asia, the most popular bodhisattva was Avalokitesvara, “the lord who looks down and listens with compassion.” He can be recognized by the large lotus blossom he holds in his left hand.
Maribeth Graybill, Senior Curator of Asian Art
Exhibited in "Flora and Fauna in Chinese Art," April 6, 2002 - December 1, 2002.Subject matter
"In Chinese Buddhism, Guan Yin is synonymous with the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, the pinnacle of mercy, compassion, kindness and love.
Along with Buddhism, Guan Yin's veneration was introduced into China as early as the 1st century AD, and reached Japan by way of Korea soon after Buddhism was first introduced into the country from the mid-7th century.
Representations of the Bodhisattva in China prior to the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD, Northern - and Southern Song Dynasty) were masculine in appearance.
It is generally accepted that Guan Yin originated as the Sanskrit Avalokitesvara, which is her male form, since all representations of Bodhisattva were masculine.
Later images might show female and male attributes, since a Bodhisattva, in accordance with the Lotus Sutra, has the magical power to transform the body in any form required to relieve suffering, so that Guan Yin is neither woman nor man. In Mahayana Buddhism, to which Chinese Buddhism belongs, gender is no obstacle to Enlightenment.
As the Lotus Sutra relates, the Bodhisattva Kuan Shih Yin, "by resort to a variety of shapes, travels in the world, conveying the beings to salvation."
The representation in China was further interpreted in an all-female form around the 12th century, during the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644 AD).
In the modern period, Guan Yin is most often represented as a beautiful, white-robed woman, a depiction which derives from the earlier Pandaravasini form.
Guan Yin is usually shown in a white flowing robe - white being the symbol of purity -, and usually wearing necklaces of Indian/Chinese royalty. In the right hand is a water jar (as the Sacred Vase the water jar also one of the Eight Buddhist Symbols of good fortune) containing pure water, the divine nectar of life, compassion and wisdom, and in the left, a willow branch to sprinkle the divine nectar of life upon the devotees as to bless them with physical and spiritual peace. The willow branch is also a symbol of being able to bend (or adapt) but not break. The willow is also used in shamanistic rituals and has had medicinal purposes as well."
A portable icon featuring Guanyin. She is standing in a walking position and is carrying a willow branch and vase.Primary Object Classification Sculpture Primary Object TypereliefAdditional Object Classification(s)Ritual ObjectCollection AreaAsianRights
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