Pwo maskArtist(s)ChokweArtist NationalityChokwe (culture or style)Object Creation Date20th centuryMedium & Supportwood and tukula powderDimensions
7 ¼ in x 5 ¼ in x 2 ¾ in (18.41 cm x 13.34 cm x 6.99 cm)Credit LineGift of Robert M. and Lillian Montalto Bohlen in memory of Nancy Turner BohlenSubject matter
Although this mask appears to be missing a coiffure, it still represents pwo
or mwana pwo,
an honored female ancestor that emphasizes ideal feminine beauty. These ancestral masks, called akishi
, including Pwo's male counterpart Cihongo, perform during male and female initiation events. By passing on information about Chokwe principles from one generation to the next, akishi
help provide the knowledge boys and girls need to become accomplished members of society. Pwo
masks are danced today at important events, but in the recent past were used in
boys' initiation (mukanda
). Male dancers perform as Pwo, emulating the steps of a woman. The triangular scarifications on the forehead is known as cingelyengelye
, based on the form of the cross brought by Portuguese monks during the 17th century.
Jordan, Manuel (ed). 1998. Chokwe!: Art and Initiation Among the Chokwe and Related Peoples. Munich: Prestel Verlag.
Kreamer, Christine, Mary Nooter Roberts, Elizabeth Harney and Allyson Purpura. 2007. Inscribing Meaning: Writing and Graphic Systems in African Art. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution; Milan: 5 Continents Editions.
LaGamma, Alisa. 2011. Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures. New Haven: Yale Press.Physical Description
Oval-shaped face mask with slit eye-openings, a mouth with articulated teeth, and scarification on the forehead. Primary Object Classification Sculpture Primary Object TypemaskAdditional Object Classification(s)Costume and Costume AccessoriesCollection AreaAfricanRights
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women (female humans)