46 UMMA Objects
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Kuba (Kuba (Democratic Republic of Congo style))
Wooden helmet-shaped mask with a large central dome. From the front two flat plates form a mouth, with triangular ears on each side while two curved horns extend back. There is a crack along the center of the mask that appears to have been repaired locally with pitch or tar.
Chamba (Chamba (Nigerian))
1900 – 1974
Museum Purchase
A naturalistic rendering of a human face. Eyes carved in relief are convex and almond-shaped with narrow slits and are placed in round, concave eye sockets. Nose is slender at the bridge and rounded at the tip. The horizontal mouth is partially opened. Half rounded ears display metal loops, one includes a tag with the number 039641-HAV(?). The "hair" is attached with a cloth headband, covered in snakeskin, placed high on the forehead and is made from clay and red tukula powder. The face shows striated, scarifcation patters underneath and to the sides of the eyes; the forehead shows is a chingelyengelye cross motif. The patina is smooth and redish brown in color.
Chokwe (Chokwe (culture or style))
Pwo Mask
1885 – 1895
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
A vertically positioned drum with two handles. The stem between the handles resembles a coil or spiral shape consisting of layered rings. The bottom half of the drum, below the handles, consists of a linear design of concentric lines. The top portion of the drum, above the handles, consists of geometric patterns. Leather skin is stitched to the top of the drum.
Kuba (Kuba (Democratic Republic of Congo style))
1875 – 1885
Museum Purchase made possible by the Friends of the Museum of Art
Large, ovoid mask with a dark patina. The forehead of the face is raised, sloping down to a short, broad nose. The eyes are formed by two cresent shapes separated by a rectangle. On each cheek are three raised marks in a vertical line. The mouth is closed and may be moveable. 
Ibibio (Ibibio)
1935 – 1945
Gift of Lydia Johnstone
Dark colored mask with an ovoid shaped head. The face has incised parallel striations, round white eyes with open crescents below, round ears, a small nose and a small mouth. The coiffure is composed of parallel ridges circumventing the entire head. There are two holes around the bottom edge of the mask, one in the front and one in the back. 
Igala (Igala)
Helmet Mask
1900 – 1960
Museum purchase made possible by the W. Hawkins Ferry Fund, James and Vivian Curtis, and David L. Chambers and John G. Crane
A wooden mask with zoomorphic features. The mouth is in the form of elongated lips, resembling an open beak. Each eye is formed by a short rod in front of a small rectangular projection. Behind the eyes are triangular ears. At the back of the head are two curved projections. The mask is painted red, white and black with a brown feather at the top of the head. 
Mambila (Mambila (culture or style))
1800 – 1999
Gift of the Robbins Center for Cross Cultural Communications in memory of Warren M. Robbins
Wooden mask in the form of a human face. The mouth is open and the chin has traces of hair attached. The eyes are set close together with a raised brow ridge and diagonal lines on each cheek. Next to each eye is a set of raised marks. The ears are small and rectangular. The hair is in a tri-lobal style, in some places covered with human hair. 
20th century
Gift of Dr. James and Vivian Curtis
Oval shaped wooden mask with white pigment on the face and black pigment on the hair, which has a scalloped pattern near the forehead. There is also black pigment outlining the eyes, mouth, nose, as well as facial markings next to and below the eyes. Along the edge of the mask are small holes, perhaps to attach a now missing part of the costume. 
20th century
Gift of Dr. Daniel and Sandra Mato
Oval-shaped face mask with slit eye-openings, a mouth with articulated teeth, and scarification on the forehead. 
Chokwe (Chokwe (culture or style))
Pwo mask
20th century
Gift of Robert M. and Lillian Montalto Bohlen in memory of Nancy Turner Bohlen
Circular mask with a round face in the center and a circular superstructrure. The eyes are cresent-shaped and the forehead and outer edge of the face are raised. The edge of the mask is decorated with alternating semi-circles in yellow and black pigment. The face of the mask is yellow with a dark marquise shaped mark in the center of the forehead. Above the central face is an open circle intersected by a vertical bar decorated with a spiral design. At the very top of the circle is a diamond-shaped projection. 
Eket;Ibibio (Ibibio)
1900 – 1983
Gift of Dale E. Rice
Naturalistic cow’s head of carved from wood with eyes cut from the bottoms of glass bottles. Natural cow horns are attached. Head is predominantly black with white triangle on forehead, red pigment surrounding eyes, red in interior of ears, white chin, and white dots on cheeks and in red ground around eyes. Horns are white, tipped in black; a fiber cord runs through its nostrils and around back of head.<br />
Bijogo (Bijogo)
Mask (vaca bruto, dugn'be type)
1925 – 1975
Gift of Avery Z. Eliscu