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Resource with 15 media
Collection Object

Copyright
All Rights Reserved ()

Bowl

Accession Number
1971/2.82

Title
Bowl

Artist(s)
Chinese

Artist Nationality
Chinese (culture or style)

Object Creation Date
960-1127

Medium & Support
porcelain with glaze

Dimensions
1 3/4 in x 6 1/4 in x 6 1/4 in (4.4 cm x 15.9 cm x 15.9 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Henry Jewett Greene for The Mr. and Mrs. Henry Jewett Greene Memorial Collection

Subject matter
Qingbai (青白), literally “bluish white”, teabowl of the Northern Song dynasty (960-1127).
From the eighth century on, tea drinking was firmly established as an important Chinese social custom. The tea was taken in the form of a powder that was whisked into a frothy brew with hot water in elegant conical ceramic bowls. Initially, white wares from Yue, Xing, and Ding kilns were favored, but later black tea bowls from Jian became the color of choice.
Qingbai wares, which consisted primarily of tea bowls, were produced in southern China during the Song dynasty (960-1279) at Jingdezhen, Jiangxi in imitation of northern Ding porcelains. A reduction atmosphere in the Jingdezhen kilns and a high kaolin and low iron content in the clay result in the pale blue cast to Qingbai wares.
Song society, lead by cultured emperors like Huizong (r. 1101-26) and Gaozong (r.1127-63), did not seek power and empire like the previous Tang dynasty, but instead sought learning and contemplation surrounded by refined and elegant daily objects. The pottery industry responded by producing immaculate white wares that could replace silver as luxury tableware. By the eleventh century, Ding had become firmly established as the great white ware of the north, just as the great white ware of the south, qingbai ware, was beginning to be produced at the kilns of Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province. Chinese connoisseurs of the time praised the color and feel of qingbai tea bowls as being like “icy jade” and the ware went on to make Jingdezhen the porcelain capital of the world from the tenth to fourteenth centuries.

Physical Description
Thin porcelain conical bowl with direct rim on a footring. The interior has a molded, incised cloud decoration, and is covered in a white glaze with bluish tinge.

Primary Object Classification
Ceramic

Primary Object Type
bowl

Collection Area
Asian

Rights
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Keywords
Qingbai
bowl
bowls (vessels)
ceramic (material)
cloud bands
porcelain (material)
porcelain (visual works)

& Author Notes

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