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25 Items in this Learning Collection
Collection Object
Collection Object

Copyright
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Ragamala series: Ragini Patamanjari

Accession Number
1975/2.161

Title
Ragamala series: Ragini Patamanjari

Artist(s)
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Jaipur School

Object Creation Date
circa 1750

Medium & Support
ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Dimensions
10 3/4 in x 7 15/16 in (27.3 cm x 20.2 cm);10 3/4 in x 7 15/16 in (27.3 cm x 20.2 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.

Label copy

Jaipur School
Ragamala series: Ragini Patamanjari; Kukubha ragini;
Ragini Gujari

India, Rajasthanca. 1750
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel, 1975/2.161; 1975/2.153; 1975/2.157

Left to right
Patamanjari ragini:

Caupayī: The embers of anger glow as her lover prepares to leave. Reminded of his affection, she feels all the more mortified. She casts her face down and is speechless, but she sheds torrents of tears, as if a large necklace had broken and caused innumerable beads to fall. Her lover thereupon addresses her sweetly and showers affection upon her and pacifies her in various ways. He assures her of his deep devotion.

Dohā: I cite the words of Lord Brahmā and Lord Śiva and do not utter one word which is untrue. Oh, Lord Śiva, if you bestow blessings upon mortals, please remove the anguish of my beloved.



Subject matter
Ragamala paintings draw from aspects of human experience in order to visualize specific moods, emotions, and qualities such as love, anguish, valor, weakness, and strength. A raga in Indian music is a melody consisting of a string of notes in a particular arrangement. Raginis are derivations from or variations of ragas in feminine mode (the basis of these classifications remains unexplained in many cases), and could have different or similar musical structures as ragas. Specific ragas are associated with specific times of the day, seasons, and emotions. When visualized, as here, ragas and raginis are meant to evoke the same affective responses that are allied to their musical modes. The text above the illustration refers to stories or incidents associated with the depicted raga/ ragini, but may not necessarily be narrative-like or descriptive. Drawn from literary tropes and tales that sophisticated writers and viewers would be aware of, the inscriptions are an integral part of the overall experience of this miniature painting. An illiterate viewer, however, could still enjoy the scene without reading the text.

The Patmanjari ragini is a sad but beautiful melody, that stands to symoblize the anguish of a woman separated from her lover. In this image, the woman is shown as being reassured and attended to by her two servants, while the lover is depicted in a window above, removed from the action happening below. In this way, the painting alludes to the narrative of love and separation, further intensified by the atmosphere of night time loneliness and gloom.

Physical Description
A female figure with her two attendants is shown in the bottom left of the image; a male figure appears in the window above, also accompanied by a female attendant who appears to be in conversation with him. The male holds a small flower in his hand--possibly a rose. The architectural space is divided skilfully, with distinct scenes or motifs taking place in each quadrant of the depicted scene.

Primary Object Classification
Painting

Collection Area
Asian

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form. Keywords
Figures
buildings
calligraphy
seated
standing
torch

3 Related Resources

Art of the Mughal Empire
(Part of 2 Learning Collections)
Miniature Paintings Across Cultures 
(Part of: Visual Cultures of Islam )

& Author Notes

All Rights Reserved

On display