7 UMMA Objects
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Shiva sits with his consort on a double lotus pedestal.  He has six arms, his right three are in varada mudra [a giving gesture], holds a rosary and an arrow.  His left arms cup his consorts left breast and hold a lotus flower and a bow.  He sits in royal ease, with one leg pendant.  He wears bracelets, armlets, necklaces, earrings, and a sacred thread that stretches form his left shoulder down past his waist.  On his head he wears an elaborate jatamukuta, a crown interlaced with his matted locks.  Parvati sits upon his knee with one leg tucked under her and the other pendant.  She is also adorned with jewelry, but wears a more modest diadem at the front of her head.<br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Uma-Maheshvara, a seated Shiva and Parvati (Uma)
12th century
Museum purchase for the James Marshall Plumer Memorial Collection
1964/2.85
Shiva stands in an unbending pose and the sculpture is broken just below the knees.  He is two-armed and his right hand is raised with his palm outward.  His left arm is broken away.  He wears a short lower garment with incised lines delineating folds and he is ithyphallic, his upraised penis extending up from behind his belt.  He wears simple jewelry, a belt, armlets, a bracelet on the one wrist still extant and a simple beaded necklace.  There is an auspicious diamond pattern in the middle of his chest.  He has a fleshy face with a full mouth and large eyes, a third eye is incised on his forehead.  His hair is done in an elaborate coiffure piled high.  <br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Standing figure of Shiva
900 – 1099
Gift of Mark and Iuliana Phillips
1998/1.181
Shiva stands on a tiny base with little feet in a strict unbending stance.  The body is elongated with a small waist, the hips billowing out and tapering in a stylized way to the feet.  He has broad shoulders and has four arms.  Reading in a clockwise direction from the right front hand, he holds, a sword, another sword, a bow and a shield.  He wears a lot of jewelry, necklaces that cover his entire chest, at least three belts with pendant decorations and what appears to be a bustle like garment that billows out from his waist and has a beaded border that curves down across his legs below his knees.    He wears large earrings and a crown decorated with a disk for the sun and crescent for the moon.  He has large wide opened eyes and what almost looks like two sets of eyebrows, a dot where his third eye should be and a luxurious moustache.<br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Shiva standing
1400 – 1599
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel, & Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1978/2.116
Shiva dances upon the back of a dwarf figure crouching on his stomach.  This pose is not as typical as some of his other dancing postures.  He dances on one leg extended straight down with the other straight up almost making a straight line.  His torso and head are thrown back.  He only has two hands, one holding a drum at his knee and the other a khatvanga, a club made of a bone with a skull at the top.  He wears jewelry including a belt with pendent loops and tassels, necklaces including a heavy long necklace, armlets and bracelets and an elaborate crown organized with a number of peaks. On his forehead we find the third eye, another identifier of the god Shiva. A dense circular background consisting of three inner rows of round elements, the middle one may be composed of skulls, and an outer row of flame-like elements surrounds the whole figure, animating the image into a whirl of the dance.  The whole sits on a circular base, plain with a flanged bottom section decorated with a lotus petal motif.  <br />
Nepali
Shiva dancing
1700 – 1899
Gift of the Estate of Thakur Rup Chand
1995/1.86
The two-armed figure dances with his right leg raised and wrapped around a club.  His left arm crosses his body and rests above the club and his right hand is raised almost to his ear.  Tassels hang from him hips and under his armpits adding a great sense of movement to the whole figure. Multi-hooded snakes are at the base and also around the bottom of the club.  He wears much of jewelry including bracelets, anklets, necklaces with should loops and an elaborate belt.  His stomach protrudes over the belt.  He also has large earrings and a jewel encrusted crown.  His eyes bulge out and his mouth is open showing his teeth. He is a pair with 1980/2.291.<br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Dvarapala (temple guardian; pair with 1980/2.291)
15th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1980/2.290
Shiva as Bhairava stands against a plain pointed arch supported by pilasters with a kirtimukha or face of glory at the top. He stands in a trihanga pose, with his hip thrust to his right and wears platform sandals. He originally has four arms, the front two of which are broken away. His back two arms hold a decorated trident and a drum. He would have held a sword in one hand and a kapala, a cup made out of a scull and a hanging severed head in the other. He is naked, but wears much of jewelry including belts with pendant elements, anklets, armlets, bracelets, necklaces, a band just under his breasts and large circular earrings. He also wears a decorated sacred thread over his left shoulder. His has an elaborate coiffure in curls around the top of his head with a large topknot to one side. His face is badly damaged. Emaciated hungry ghosts attend him, the one to his right dancing with his hands raised above his head with a pot between his legs. The ghost who is on his left stands behind a dog, whose head has b
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Shiva as Bhairava
1100 – 1299
Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink in honor of Vishakha Desai and Robert Oxnam
2001/2.131
This work is painted in tones of red, green, dark blue, and orange/gold, against a light background. At the top is a sun with a many rays and a human face. Below this are two seated figures who are unclothed. They are seated on thrones decorated with colorful designs. One has reddish skin and is shown in profile, looking at the sun with hands raised. The other has orange skin and is seated in a lotus posiiton, facing front. Below them is a scene that shows two figures, a woman and a blue-skinned man, turned toward a half-man, half-woman figure who is seated on a tiger rug. These figures are dressed in colorful clothing and adorned with jewelry and hold various objects in their hands.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina and monk with Lakshmi-Narayana & Ardhanarishvara (fol. No. 42)
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1975/2.166
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