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PerloveJUDAIC 317 / HISTART 393 / HISTORY 399 / RCCORE 334: The Nazis and Art - Pormoting, Demeaning, Plundering

Winter 2017Fall 2014

Franz Marc
woodcut | paper
Gift of Jean Paul Slusser
This watercolor consists of concentric areas of color. At the top is a blue cloud-like shape surrounded by a yellow ring in turn surrounded by an orange-pink color. The bottom edge is an olive-green color where we see thin zigzagging lines in red-brown. 
Paul Klee
watercolor | paper
Gift of Henry Tracy Kneeland of Bloomfield, Connecticut, in memory of his parents, Frank G. Kneeland and Helen Dodge Kneeland
Paul Klee
etching | paper
Museum Purchase
This woodcut print of an abstracted landscape is done in green, red, yellow, blue, and black. An architectural form appears on the left and an archer on horseback appears in the lower right corner.  
Wassily Kandinsky
The Archer
1908 – 1909
woodblock | paper
Museum purchase
Emil Nolde
Frisian Landscape
1925 – 1935
watercolor | Asian paper
Museum Purchase
Four male figures face each other, one in a hat on the left and three on the right facing him. The figure in the center has one hand raised to his chest. The two men on the right are looking at the man in the center.
Emil Nolde
aquatint, drypoint | paper
Museum Purchase
In this print, we see a male and female acrobat with brown shirts and dark pants. The floor is red and the background is blue. 
Erich Heckel
1906 – 1916
woodblock print | paper
Gift of Mathias Goeritz
Erich Heckel
Der Narr (The Fool)
woodblock | paper
Museum Purchase
Ernst Kirchner
Seated Woman (Gerda Schilling)
graphite | off-white satinized paper
Museum Purchase
Ernst Kirchner
Seated Peasant (Sitzende Bäuerin)
etching | paper
Gift of Gilbert M. Frimet
A monumentally stylized head of a woman. Her head is tilted slighty to the viewer's right. Her eyes, nose, and lips are large and almost mask-like. She appears to be wearing a hat of a modern style. Shading is executed with powerful parallel lines and cross-hatching. The year of the work's execution, 1916, appears in the lower right.
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
Head of a Woman (Frauenkopf)
wood cut | paper
Museum Purchase
A human face in anguish, with hands raised to his cheeks, looks out from the center of a visual field full of slashing diagonals and explosive triangles of color. On the left side, smoke billows.
Otto Dix
Artillery Battle (Artillerieschlacht)
charcoal and gouache | paper mounted on linen
Museum Purchase

This course investigates the Nazis and the art they promoted, demeaned, and plundered (including the activities of the “Monuments Men” to rescue confiscated works). Students will investigate Nazi theories of art in relation to issues of race, gender, and nationalism, and will consider why certain art was praised and others condemned. We will study the famous art exhibition of 1937 in Munich, the “Degenerate Art exhibit,” which was organized by the Nazis to condemn modern art, including works by German Expressionists and others whose art was deemed “insane,” “perverted,” “Jewish,” and “Negro,” including works by Chagall, Kirchner, Kandinsky, Nolde, Picasso, and others. Another area of considerable interest will be the Nazi plundering of art, including Hitler’s plans to create a museum to a vanished race (Jews) at Prague, and a major art museum at Linz.


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March 28, 2018 4:19 p.m.


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