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PerloveJUDAIC 317 / HISTART 393 / HISTORY 399 / RCCORE 334: The Nazis and Art - Pormoting, Demeaning, Plundering

Winter 2017Fall 2014

Franz Marc
Tierlegende
woodcut on paper
7 3/4 in x 9 7/16 in (19.68 cm x 23.97 cm);7 3/4 in x 9 7/16 in (19.68 cm x 23.97 cm);19 1/4 in x 14 1/4 in (48.89 cm x 36.2 cm)
Gift of Jean Paul Slusser
This watercolor consists of concentric areas of color. At the top is a blue cloud-like shape surrounded by a yellow ring in turn surrounded by an orange-pink color. The bottom edge is an olive-green color where we see thin zigzagging lines in red-brown. 
Paul Klee
Blitzgefahr
watercolor on paper
18 in x 20 1/8 in (45.7 cm x 51.1 cm);22 3/16 in x 28 3/16 in (56.36 cm x 71.6 cm);18 1/8 in x 20 1/8 in (46.1 cm x 51.1 cm)
Gift of Henry Tracy Kneeland of Bloomfield, Connecticut, in memory of his parents, Frank G. Kneeland and Helen Dodge Kneeland
Paul Klee
Monarchist
etching on paper
6 ¼ in x 6 ¼ in (15.88 cm x 15.88 cm);16 ½ in x 12 ⅝ in (41.91 cm x 32.07 cm);19 3/10 in x 14 ⅜ in (49.05 cm x 36.51 cm)
Museum Purchase
This woodcut print of an abstracted landscape is done in green, red, yellow, blue, and black. An architectural form appears on the left and an archer on horseback appears in the lower right corner.  
Wassily Kandinsky
The Archer
woodblock on paper
6 1/2 in x 6 in (16.5 cm x 15.2 cm);12 3/16 in x 9 1/2 in (30.9 cm x 24.1 cm);19 5/16 in x 14 5/16 in (49 cm x 36.3 cm)
Museum purchase
Emil Nolde
Frisian Landscape
watercolor on Asian paper
13 1/2 in. x 18 1/2 in. ( 34.3 cm x 47 cm )
Museum Purchase
Four male figures face each other, one in a hat on the left and three on the right facing him. The figure in the center has one hand raised to his chest. The two men on the right are looking at the man in the center.
Emil Nolde
Schriftgelehrte
aquatint and drypoint on paper
17 1/2 in x 19 5/16 in (44.4 cm x 49 cm);22 1/8 in x 28 1/8 in (56.2 cm x 71.44 cm)
Museum Purchase
In this print, we see a male and female acrobat with brown shirts and dark pants. The floor is red and the background is blue. 
Erich Heckel
Akrobaten
woodblock print on paper
19 1/4 in x 13 7/16 in (48.89 cm x 34.13 cm);22 1/8 in x 28 1/8 in (56.2 cm x 71.44 cm);12 1/16 in x 15 7/8 in (30.64 cm x 40.32 cm);19 3/8 in x 13 9/16 in (49.21 cm x 34.45 cm)
Gift of Mathias Goeritz
Erich Heckel
Der Narr (The Fool)
woodblock on paper
14 ⅛ in x 10 11/16 in (35.88 cm x 27.15 cm);15 4/5 in x 20 1/16 in (40.16 cm x 50.96 cm);18 ½ in x 22 ⅛ in (46.99 cm x 56.2 cm)
Museum Purchase
Ernst Kirchner
Seated Woman (Gerda Schilling)
graphite on off-white satinized paper
21 x 15 1/4 in. (53.3 x 38.7 cm);28 1/8 x 22 1/8 in. (71.28 x 56.04 cm);21 x 15 1/4 in. (53.3 x 38.7 cm)
Museum Purchase
Ernst Kirchner
Seated Peasant (Sitzende Bäuerin)
etching on paper
7 ¼ in x 6 ¾ in (18.41 cm x 17.15 cm);19 3/10 in x 14 ⅜ in (49.05 cm x 36.51 cm);10 ⅝ in x 10 ⅜ in (26.99 cm x 26.35 cm)
Gift of Gilbert M. Frimet
A monumentally stylized head of a woman. Her head is tilted slighty to the viewer's right. Her eyes, nose, and lips are large and almost mask-like. She appears to be wearing a hat of a modern style. Shading is executed with powerful parallel lines and cross-hatching. The year of the work's execution, 1916, appears in the lower right.
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
Head of a Woman (Frauenkopf)
wood cut on paper
12 in x 9 in (30.48 cm x 22.86 cm);10 ⅛ in x 7 ⅛ in (25.72 cm x 18.1 cm);19 ⅜ in x 14 ⅜ in (49.21 cm x 36.51 cm);12 11/16 in x 9 ⅝ in (32.23 cm x 24.45 cm)
Museum Purchase
A human face in anguish, with hands raised to his cheeks, looks out from the center of a visual field full of slashing diagonals and explosive triangles of color. On the left side, smoke billows.
Otto Dix
Artillery Battle (Artillerieschlacht)
charcoal and gouache on paper mounted on linen
22 3/10 in x 22 ⅛ in x 1 ½ in (56.67 cm x 56.2 cm x 3.81 cm);22 3/10 in x 22 ⅛ in x 1 ½ in (56.67 cm x 56.2 cm x 3.81 cm);16 in x 15 ⅝ in (40.64 cm x 39.69 cm)
Museum Purchase

This course investigates the Nazis and the art they promoted, demeaned, and plundered (including the activities of the “Monuments Men” to rescue confiscated works). Students will investigate Nazi theories of art in relation to issues of race, gender, and nationalism, and will consider why certain art was praised and others condemned. We will study the famous art exhibition of 1937 in Munich, the “Degenerate Art exhibit,” which was organized by the Nazis to condemn modern art, including works by German Expressionists and others whose art was deemed “insane,” “perverted,” “Jewish,” and “Negro,” including works by Chagall, Kirchner, Kandinsky, Nolde, Picasso, and others. Another area of considerable interest will be the Nazi plundering of art, including Hitler’s plans to create a museum to a vanished race (Jews) at Prague, and a major art museum at Linz.

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Last Updated

March 28, 2018 4:19 p.m.

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