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F15 Cain - GERMAN 232 - Visions of Modernity in German Lit Around 1900

The City

The turn of the twentieth century was an exciting time marked by the discovery of new, previously unsuspected worlds below the surface of everyday perception. Germany, Austria and Switzerland were at the forefront of literary, scientific and artistic innovation at that time. In psychology, Sigmund Freud’s work found explanations hidden in the depths of the unconscious. In the sciences, Röntgen’s 1895 discovery of the X-ray and Rutherford’s 1911 splitting of the atom revealed previously invisible physical realities. In politics, Marx and Engels proposed that labor and capital were the forces determining social change and the progress of history. This time of great optimism and scientific advance also witnessed the outbreak of the First World War, a violent and technological war that questioned the optimism about the continuing progress of humankind. Artists and writers responded to these new ideas in highly imaginative ways. Expressionist artists such as Franz Marc and Wasilly Kandinsky of the “Blaue Reiter” group believed their art revealed a “spiritual” dimension that could balance a society dominated by rationalism. Writers such Kafka, Brecht, Schnitzler and Kästner took their readers into these new worlds in their prose and poetry.

A formal portrait of a pastry chef in his commercial kitchen. 
August Sander<br><em>Konditormeister Franz Bremer </em><br>1928<br>gelatin silver print | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>1974/2.25
Max Beckmann<br><em>Figures; 'Gesellschaft'</em><br>1915<br>drypoint | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>1951/2.63
This photograph depicts a bird's eye view of Manhattan, framed by the towers of the Rockefeller RCA building and the International Building. In the center of the frame is located the construction site for the Rockefeller Associated Press building.
Paul J. Woolf<br><em>Looking Down on Construction of the AP</em><br>1937<br>gelatin silver print | paper<br>Gift of The Morris and Beverly Baker Foundation, in memory of Morris D. Baker, a graduate of The University of Michigan School of Architecture, 1952<br>2000/2.148
This black and white stereoscopic image features two images of a man with a large camera seated on a slender line high above Fifth Avenue in New York City.  It is surrounded by the text: Set No. 8; Underwood &amp; Underwood, Publishers, Unique; 8288—Photographing New York City—on a slender support 18 stories above pavement of Fifth Avenue.
Stereo Classics Studio<br><em>Stereoscope Image, Set No. 8: Photographing New York City, on a slender support 18 stories above pavement on Fith Avenue</em><br>1978<br>photograph | cardboard<br>Gift of Margaret and Howard Bond<br>2010/1.169.20
Edward Hopper<br><em>Night Shadows</em><br>1921<br>etching | Van Gelder wove paper<br>Gift of Dr. &amp; Mrs. S.J. Axelrod<br>1983/1.146
Manuel Alvarez Bravo<br><em>How Small the World Is</em><br>1942 - 1981<br>gelatin silver print | paper<br>Gift of Lawrence and Carol Zicklin<br>1987/1.174.15
George Grosz<br><em>City Neighborhood, from Kleine Grosz Mappe</em><br>1915 - 1916<br>lithograph | cream colored wove paper<br>Gift of the Estate of Helen B. Hall<br>1996/1.41
In front, a woman wearing a hat depicted in profile faces to the left with three male figures behind her, one of which, depicted in profile and facing to the right, has the top of his head cut off; the background is comprised of architectural and figural fragments.
George Grosz<br><em>Streetscene (Strassenszene)</em><br>1919 - 1920<br>lithograph | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>1948/1.60
An organ grinder and a young girl perform on a Paris street.
Eugène Atget<br><em>Street Musicians</em><br>1898 - 1974<br>gold-toned gelatin silver print | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>1974/1.120
Abraham Walkowitz<br><em>New York</em><br>1913<br>pen and ink | white paper<br>Gift of Abraham Walkowitz<br>1950/1.138
Display window advertising men&#39;s suits.
Eugène Atget<br><em>Men's Fashions</em><br>1925 - 1974<br>gold-toned gelatin silver print | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>1974/1.107
A black and white photograph of the area beneath the Eiffel Tower. A shadow from an arch of the structure covers most of the ground. A crowd of people stand beneath the tower.
André Kertész<br><em>From the Eiffel Tower, Paris</em><br>1929<br>gelatin silver print | paper<br>Museum Purchase<br>2011/2.166


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Architecture and buildings — by (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
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Last Updated

April 4, 2020 7:47 p.m.


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