F15 Cain - GERMAN 232 - Visions of Modernity in German Lit Around 1900

The City

The turn of the twentieth century was an exciting time marked by the discovery of new, previously unsuspected worlds below the surface of everyday perception. Germany, Austria and Switzerland were at the forefront of literary, scientific and artistic innovation at that time. In psychology, Sigmund Freud’s work found explanations hidden in the depths of the unconscious. In the sciences, Röntgen’s 1895 discovery of the X-ray and Rutherford’s 1911 splitting of the atom revealed previously invisible physical realities. In politics, Marx and Engels proposed that labor and capital were the forces determining social change and the progress of history. This time of great optimism and scientific advance also witnessed the outbreak of the First World War, a violent and technological war that questioned the optimism about the continuing progress of humankind. Artists and writers responded to these new ideas in highly imaginative ways. Expressionist artists such as Franz Marc and Wasilly Kandinsky of the “Blaue Reiter” group believed their art revealed a “spiritual” dimension that could balance a society dominated by rationalism. Writers such Kafka, Brecht, Schnitzler and Kästner took their readers into these new worlds in their prose and poetry.

A formal portrait of a pastry chef in his commercial kitchen. 
August Sander
Konditormeister Franz Bremer
gelatin silver print on paper
12 in x 9 3/8 in (30.48 cm x 23.81 cm);22 1/8 in x 18 1/8 in (56.2 cm x 46.04 cm)
Museum Purchase
Max Beckmann
Figures; 'Gesellschaft'
drypoint on paper
10 in x 12 3/16 in (25.4 cm x 30.96 cm);18 in x 22 ⅛ in (45.72 cm x 56.2 cm);12 3/10 in x 19 ⅞ in (31.27 cm x 50.48 cm)
Museum Purchase
This photograph depicts a bird's eye view of Manhattan, framed by the towers of the Rockefeller RCA building and the International Building. In the center of the frame is located the construction site for the Rockefeller Associated Press building.
Paul J. Woolf
Looking Down on Construction of the AP
gelatin silver print on paper
9 1/2 in x 7 in (24.13 cm x 17.78 cm);7 3/4 in x 14 3/4 in (19.68 cm x 37.47 cm);9 7/16 in x 7 5/16 in (23.97 cm x 18.57 cm);9 13/16 in x 7 5/8 in (24.92 cm x 19.37 cm)
Gift of The Morris and Beverly Baker Foundation, in memory of Morris D. Baker, a graduate of The University of Michigan School of Architecture, 1952
This black and white stereoscopic image features two images of a man with a large camera seated on a slender line high above Fifth Avenue in New York City.  It is surrounded by the text: Set No. 8; Underwood & Underwood, Publishers, Unique; 8288—Photographing New York City—on a slender support 18 stories above pavement of Fifth Avenue.
Stereo Classics Studio
Stereoscope Image, Set No. 8: Photographing New York City, on a slender support 18 stories above pavement on Fith Avenue
photograph on cardboard
3 9/16 in. x 7 in. ( 9 cm x 17.8 cm )
Gift of Margaret and Howard Bond
Edward Hopper
Night Shadows
etching on Van Gelder wove paper
10 ¾ in x 13 13/16 in (10 ¾ in x 35.08 cm)
Gift of Dr. & Mrs. S.J. Axelrod
Manuel Álvarez Bravo
How Small the World Is
gelatin silver print on paper
8 in x 9 15/16 in (20.3 cm x 25.3 cm);8 in x 10 1/16 in (20.3 cm x 25.5 cm);14 3/8 in x 19 3/8 in (36.51 cm x 49.21 cm);7 5/16 in x 9 5/8 in (18.6 cm x 24.4 cm)
Gift of Lawrence and Carol Zicklin
George Grosz
City Neighborhood, from Kleine Grosz Mappe
lithograph on cream colored wove paper
11 7/16 x 8 5/8 in. (28.9 x 21.8 cm)
Gift of the Estate of Helen B. Hall
In front, a woman wearing a hat depicted in profile faces to the left with three male figures behind her, one of which, depicted in profile and facing to the right, has the top of his head cut off; the background is comprised of architectural and figural fragments.
George Grosz
Streetscene (Strassenszene)
lithograph on paper
20 ½ in x 15 ⅛ in (52.07 cm x 38.42 cm)
Museum Purchase
An organ grinder and a young girl perform on a Paris street.
Eugène Atget
Street Musicians
gold-toned gelatin silver print on paper
10 in x 13 in (25.4 cm x 33.02 cm)
Museum Purchase
Abraham Walkowitz
New York
pen and ink on white paper
13 1/16 in. x 7 5/8 in. ( 33.2 cm x 19.3 cm )
Gift of Abraham Walkowitz
Display window advertising men's suits.
Eugène Atget
Men's Fashions
gold-toned gelatin silver print on paper
10 in x 13 in (25.4 cm x 33.02 cm);19 3/10 in x 14 3/10 in (49.05 cm x 36.35 cm);13 in x 10 in (33.02 cm x 25.4 cm);9 in x 6 4/5 in (22.86 cm x 17.3 cm)
Museum Purchase
A black and white photograph of the area beneath the Eiffel Tower. A shadow from an arch of the structure covers most of the ground. A crowd of people stand beneath the tower.
André Kertész
From the Eiffel Tower, Paris
gelatin silver print on paper
8 in x 9 15/16 in (20.32 cm x 25.24 cm)
Museum Purchase


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Architecture and buildings — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
Cities — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
Comparative — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
Modernization — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
University class selection — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
Urban life — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)
Urbanization — by seth@whirl-i-gig.com (February 13 2017 @ 12:11 pm)

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Last Updated

April 4, 2020 7:47 p.m.


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