11 Items in this Learning Collection
Collection Object
Collection Object
Collection Object

All Rights Reserved ()

Bamboo, Rock and Tree

Accession Number

Bamboo, Rock and Tree

Zhan Jingfeng (Chan Ching-feng)

Object Creation Date

Medium & Support
fan mounted as an album leaf, ink on gold paper

20 1/16 in x 6 ⅝ in (50.96 cm x 16.83 cm);18 1/16 in x 27 15/16 in (45.88 cm x 70.96 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Jean-Pierre Dubosc

Label copy
Scholar-amateur painters in China spoke of bamboo, plum, orchids, and chrysanthemums as the “four gentlemen” élåNéq. Each of these plants was associated with an admirable Confucian trait. Bamboo, for instance, symbolized resilience, as it can spring back after the harshest gale. Old trees and rocks suggest longevity and endurance. These meanings became rather conventional over time, much like the imagery in modern American holiday cards. Still, the choice of motifs in any given painting was not arbitrary. Fan paintings, especially, were often done as personal gifts and may contain private codes of meaning unknown to all but the artist and the recipient.
Maribeth Graybill, Senior Curator of Asian Art
Exhibited in "Flora and Fauna in Chinese Art," April 6, 2002 - December 1, 2002.

Primary Object Classification
Unbound Work

Primary Object Type

Additional Object Classification(s)

Collection Area

If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.


4 Related Resources

Ink and Realisms
(Part of: Artist Associations and Art Movements)
Ink and Realisms in China before 1800
(Part of: Artist Associations and Art Movements)
Chinese Calligraphy and Ink painting 
(Part of: Chinese calligraphy and ink painting)
W19 Kelly - ASIAN 480 - Scandalous Fiction - Study Cases
(Part of: Resources Made by Isabel Engel)

& Author Notes

Web Use Permitted