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Between and Mortarboard


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13 Items in this Learning Collection
Collection Object
Collection Object
Collection Object
Collection Object

Copyright
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Eve Tempted by the Serpent

Accession Number
1967/1.38

Title
Eve Tempted by the Serpent

Artist(s)
Defendente Ferrari

Object Creation Date
1520-1525

Medium & Support
tempera on panel

Dimensions
14 1/2 x 14 1/16 x 1 5/16 in. (36.7 x 35.7 x 3.2 cm);14 1/2 x 14 1/16 x 1 5/16 in. (36.7 x 35.7 x 3.2 cm)

Credit Line
Museum Purchase

Label copy
March 28, 2009
During the first third of the sixteenth century, Defendente Ferrari dominated the painting market around the northern Italian city of Turin. Alongside a number of large, complex altarpieces, Ferrari and his workshop also produced many smaller works for domestic settings, including this panel depicting Eve in the Garden of Eden. The circular frame gives the impression of a view through a window onto a paradise; the nude figure of Eve and the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil tower in the foreground. The serpent—depicted with the leering head of a bearded man—coils around the tree trunk and invites Eve to eat the fruit from the tree even though God has forbidden it. Her nudity reveals that she still lives in a state of blessed ignorance. This bliss, however, will soon come to a tragic end, since she bends a branch with her right hand to reach the forbidden fruit at its tip. Adam probably appeared, ready to give in to temptation, on a now-lost pendant panel.

Subject matter
This panel represents Eve in the Garden of Eden tempted by the serpent to eat the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis 3). The serpent appears with the leering head of a bearded man to demonstrate his diabolical nature. This panel originally formed part of a piece of furniture, perhaps a type of marriage chest known as a cassone, where it would have been complemented by other painted decoration, including a companion image of Adam.

Physical Description
A nude woman with long hair flowing down her back grasps a tree branch with her right hand and bends it downward in order to more easily pluck the green fruit dangling at its tip with her left hand. Her white body contrasts starkly with the darker tones of the surrounding landscape. The less conspicuous figure of a serpent with the head of a bearded man coils about the trunk of the tree next to the woman and fixes her with his stare.

Primary Object Classification
Painting

Primary Object Type
panel painting

Additional Object Classification(s)
Decorative Arts

Collection Area
Western

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
gardens (open spaces)
landscapes (representations)

14 Related Resources

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Monsters
(Part of 4 Learning Collections)
The Divine Comedy
(Part of 4 Learning Collections)

& Author Notes

All Rights Reserved