19 UMMA Objects
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The artist has captured the story of the deer hunt with the fewest possible elements, in a way that is instantly recognizable and yet takes liberties with the classical tale. The forest is represented by two trees and a few sprays of foliage; the deer is a mundane gray, not magical gold; and Sita waits anxiously in a white marble pavilion, rather than a thatched hut. The vibrantly colored backgrounds divide the composition into zones that create mood and organize the narrative.
Artist Unknown, India, Central India, Malwa School
Râmâyana manuscript page: Rama kills the deer (folio no. 31)
1635 – 1650
Gift of Mr. George P. Bickford for the James Marshall Plumer Memorial Collection
Three warriors march forward, taking up nearly the entire frame. Blue soldiers carring weapons and shields bring up the front and rear. They appear to move through a stylized tree landscape.
Artist Unknown, India, Maharashtra, Paithan School
Warriors going into battle from a Mahabharata series
1800 – 1866
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.

Eugène Delacroix (French (culture or style))
Lycurgus Consulting the Pythia
1835 – 1845
Museum Purchase
Krishna, in blue, and Balarama are portrayed in identical poses and wearing peacock-feather headdresses. The paunchy bearded figure at right is their mentor, Sandipani. Two other, older students appear at left. They are seated, approximately equidistantly spaced, in an architectural structure that organizes the space.
Artist Unknown, India, Uttar Pradesh, Chaurapancasika Style
Bhagavata Purana series: Krishna and Balarama Studying with the Brahman Sandipani
1525 – 1550
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
In dark turbulent waters under a stormy sky four nude sea nymphs support the body of a long-haired man between them on a white shroud. The face of a man with kelp in his hair appears between two of the nymphs.  On the right a bearded man with a trident in his right hand rides in a chariot fashioned from a seashell and pulled by two fished-tailed horses or hippocampi. Just visible in the distance behind the back of the rightmost nymph, a lofty tower rises above the waves.
Giulio Carpioni
The Death of Leander
1650 – 1660
Museum Purchase
In the upper register of this folio a woman holds a child who is crowned and adorned with jewels. The golden hue of the infant, along with the fan held above their heads signifies the child’s importance. They sit in devotion before a Jina, indicated by his nudity—a trademark of Digambara Jina and a sign of purity.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina and worshipper
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
Painting on cloth in an array of colors that depicts a religious scene.  There are assorted animals such as monkeys and cows with red hand prints on them.  <br />There is a river at the fore of the painting with flowers and lily pads in it.  The painting has a colorful floral border.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
1700 – 1850
Gift from the collection of Robert B. Jacobs
A large tree on the left in a wooded scene. There are two women, one carrying an infant with a small child behind her. Two men are seated on a rock behind them. In the distance, on the left, there are three people walking away.
William Payne (British (modern))
Woodland Night
Gift in honor of Louis C. and Helen Grace Andrews
Madonna in red, looking down at a nude baby.
Madonna and Child
Bequest of Henry C. Lewis
In this painting, rendered entirely in gray monochrome, a technique known as grisaille, an angel descends on a bank of clouds toward a woman who kneels on the floor before a prie-dieu. She looks downward and turns away from the angel in a gesture of humility, and her head is illuminated by the light from a luminescent dove in the cloud above her. A bearded man looks down from the summit of the cloud, nearly engulfed in light, and a number of cherubim appear throughout the scene. The robust forms and grounded materiality of the woman's body and the furniture around her give way to light-filled clouds and diffused forms in the upper part of the canvas as the heavenly and worldly realms come together.
Mariano Salvador de Maella
The Annunciation
1775 – 1785
Museum Purchase
Two central figures are on a large snake; one a reclining blue-skinned figure, the other a seated female to his right. The female figure is holding his feet. A lotus flower grows out of his navel and from the lotus, a four-headed figure. The background is a landscape.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Vishnu on Ananta
18th century
Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink
Long narrow strip of parchment with writing in red and black pigment; image at top shows a face with large eyes in a square with eight radiating triangles (Solomon's Seal); image at bottom shows a winged figure holding a sword (archangel).  Rows of eyes border the images.
Ethiopian Orthodox (Ethiopian Orthodox)
Healing Scroll
19th century
Gift of F. Karel Wiest