Kimono Fragment, with Stenciled Design of Chrysanthemums, Hemp-leaf Flowers, and SnowflakesArtist(s)JapaneseArtist NationalityJapanese (culture or style)Object Creation Date1860-1912Medium & Supportsilk crepe (chirimen) with paste-resist designsDimensions
22 1/8 in x 18 1/8 in x 3/16 in (56.2 cm x 46.04 cm x 0.48 cm)Credit LineMuseum PurchaseLabel copy
Chirimen is a heavily textured silk crepe with a puckered and ribbed surface. It was introduced to Japan from China in the sixteenth century, and came into prominence in the late seventeenth century with the development of paste-resist dyeing techniques. In paste-resist dyeing the design is either drawn freehand or stenciled onto the fabric, in a thick paste that seals the fabric against the dyestuff. After the dye has set, the fabric is washed vigorously in cold water. The paste dissolves, leaving a design in white. Paste-resist stencil dyeing allows for mass production, and was therefore frequently used in textiles for commoners in early modern times. The tiny circle motifs in this fragment are an imitation of tie-dyeing, a much more labor-intensive process.
Exhibited in "Japanese Costumes & Ceramics, Past & Present," October 2001-February 2002. Maribeth Graybill, Senior Curator of Asian ArtPrimary Object Classification Textile Primary Object TypefragmentCollection AreaAsianRights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image
for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.