Italian VillaArtist(s)Caroline T. BeamObject Creation Datecirca 1850Medium & Supportcharcoal and white chalk on heavy paper with prepared sand surfaceDimensions
17 9/16 x 23 1/4 in. (44.6 x 58.9 cm);17 1/2 x 23 5/16 x 13/16 in. (44.45 x 59.06 x 1.91 cm)Credit LineGift of The Daniel and Harriet Fusfeld Folk Art CollectionLabel copy
Caroline T. Beam
United States, active in mid-nineteenth century
Charcoal and white chalk on handmade sandpaper
Gift of the Daniel and Harriet Fusfeld Folk Art Collection, 2002/1.171
Beam used charcoal and white chalk on handmade sandpaper to heighten the black-and-white contrast of her work. This monochrome technique followed in the tradition of European “grisaille,” or monochrome painting, that developed in the late medieval period to imitate the effects of marble sculpture in drawings and paintings. The technique became popular in the United States in the early nineteenth century.
(Out of the Ordinary, 2010)
Caroline Beam was active in New England during the middle of the nineteenth century. Landscapes like Italian Villa were popular during this period as fashionable elements to display in the home. Demonstrating popular romantic perceptions of the wealthy, this work reveals middle and lower class views of the period. The monochrome grisaille technique was considered elegant during the nineteenth century, which further contributes to the romantic interpretation of the subject matter.
Modern and Contemporary Art Intern
Wolf’s Antiques, Flint, MichiganPrimary Object Classification Drawing Primary Object TypelandscapeAdditional Object Classification(s)DrawingCollection AreaWesternRights
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