EwerArtist(s)ChineseArtist NationalityChinese (culture or style)Object Creation Datecirca 1900-1930Medium & Supportglaze on earthenwareDimensions
8 in x 7 3/16 in x 3 11/16 in (20.4 cm x 18.2 cm x 9.4 cm)Credit LineTransfer from the College of Architecture and DesignSubject matter
(三彩, literally "three color") ewer of the Republic period (1912-1949) is an imitation of Tang dynasty (618–907) sancai
ware. During the Republic period, many ceramic wares were made in imitation of those from previous dynasties to be sold as antiques, especially to foreigners. Sancai
was one of the most brilliant innovations of Tang dynasty potters. Working with the same clay used to produce white wares, potters added iron, copper, and cobalt oxide colorants to create the typical three-color palette of cream, amber, olive green and cobalt blue. Sancai
ware can contain any combination of just two to all four colors. Cobalt oxide was a new import from Persia and was a key component in the development of the three-colored glaze palette. Lead flux made it possible for these colored glazes to fuse to the earthenware body at relatively low kiln temperatures. It also allowed glazes to run, which made them very difficult to control, yet aesthetically appealing.
Sancai flourished from around 680 to 750 under the patronage of the Tang elite for the production of tomb figurines and mingqi
(“bright vessels”), or funerary pottery. After the domestic market collapsed, Chinese potters adopted new vessel types in a successful attempt to find overseas markets. Shards of these later wares have been found as far away as Sri Lanka, Iraq, Egypt, Japan, and parts of Southeast Asia. Potters working as far away as Iran sought to replicate sancai wares using local materials.Physical Description
This is an earthenware globular ewer on a tall flaring footring. It has a tall flaring neck with a coil ear-shaped handle extending from shoulder to belly. An "S" shaped spout extends up from the lower belly, which is stamped with floral designs and covered in green, amber, and cream glazes. Primary Object Classification Ceramic Primary Object TypeewerCollection AreaAsianRights
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three-color ware (Chinese ware)