Maternity FigureArtist(s)YombeArtist NationalityYombe (culture or style)Object Creation Datecirca 1900Medium & SupportwoodDimensions
4 3/8 in x 1 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in (11.1 cm x 3.5 cm x 3.8 cm)Credit LineGift of Denise Miner StanfordSubject matter
Yombe sculptural objects depicting a mother and a child are known as Phemba
often take two forms: women holding, cradling, or carrying a child and women nursing a child. This object falls into the former category. According to oral history, the Yombe are descended from Mbangala who had 9 daughters, each the founder of a separate clan. Thus, Yombe depictions of females with children represent more than fecundity and their role as nurturer and care-taker; they also pay homage to the Yombe's matrilineal pattern of descent.
Felix, Marc Leo. 100 Peoples of Zaire and Their Sculpture: The Handbook
. Brussels: Zaire Basin Art History Research Foundation, 1987. Physical Description
Carved wooden object depicting a female figure with flexed knees carrying a child on her back.Primary Object Classification Sculpture Primary Object TypefigureCollection AreaAfricanRights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image
for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.