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<p>Carved on both sides, this wooden printing block records Origin of Household Rites (家禮源流,&nbsp;Garyewollyu), a collection of writings on household rites categorized and summarized during the reign of&nbsp;King Hyeonjong (顯宗, r. 1659-1674) of Joseon by a scholar named Yu Gye (兪棨, 1607-1664). This block&nbsp;contains part of Fascicle 4 of the text Origins of Household Rites entitled &ldquo;Going to Welcome the Bride (親迎, chinyeong, Ch. qinying),&rdquo; the procedure in which the groom welcomes the bride at a wedding ceremony.&nbsp;Korea was the first country in the world to use the technique of carving letters on woodblocks and using them&nbsp;for printing. After the invention of metal type in the early Joseon period, woodblock printing was used to&nbsp;publish scriptures, anthologies and family records in Buddhist temples, Confucian academies and households.</p>

<p>[Korean Collection, University of Michigan Museum of Art (2017) p. 290]</p>
Korean (Korean (culture or style))
Wood Block for Printing
19th century
Gift of Bruce and Inta Hasenkamp and Museum purchase made possible by Elder and Mrs. Sang-Yong Nam
2004/1.316
This wooden comb, or <em>cisakulo,</em> is composed of six long teeth and an anthropomorphic support. Its handle includes a rectangular section with multiple bands of diagonal, incised lines. This section along with the teeth of the comb visually form an abstracted body for the delicately carved head, which sits atop the handle. These lined motifs as well as the fine facial features are similar to those found in the figural carvings of the neighboring Chokwe; the striated turbanesque coiffure, however, is distinctly characteristic of the Lwena style.
Lwena (Lwena)
Comb
1875 – 1885
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.203
This standing female <em>nkisi mihasi</em>, or “benevolent” power figure, has been carved in light wood and exhibits many of the typical traits associated with the Luba Shankadi style, and more specifically, with the Mwanza center of production. These features include its disproportionately large, ovoid face, half open coffeebean-like eyes, wide mouth with full lips, triangular nose, high, convex forehead, cascading coiffure, protruding umbilicus, and, diamond-shaped tattoos carved in relief on the belly and in horizontal lines on the lower back and upper thighs. The figure stands with slightly flexed knees and with its arms bent at the elbows such that its palms rest upon the breasts, a pose commonly seen throughout Luba figural depictions of women.
Luba (Luba (culture or style))
Power Figure
1875 – 1885
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.215
This  stool features an elegantly carved standing female caryatid supporting the seat. It exhibits the characteristic hallmarks of a Southern Hemba style, which in turn was strongly influenced by the neighboring Luba. These traits include the broad, rounded forms of the sculpture, the disproportionately large head, the ovoid face with a subdued expression, a wide convex forehead, the brow ridge defined in relief, half-closed eyes, the elongated nose, the narrow mouth with clenched lips, the protruding abdomen with a pointed umbilicus, scarification patterns on the torso, and a multitude of sculpted bracelets upon both wrists.  Also emblematic of Southern Hemba sculptural forms is the elaborate pulled-back chignon hairstyle (<em>kibanda</em>), which forms a cruciform motif in the rear.  The figure also possesses conical breasts, short squat legs, and flat feet. The tips of the figure’s fingers symbolically carry the circular seat.
Hemba (Hemba (culture or style))
Chief's Stool
1915 – 1925
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.224

Figure
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.239

Zaramo
Fertility Doll
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.254

Japanese (Japanese (culture or style))
Netsuke of a man and badger
19th century
Gift of the William T. and Dora G. Hunter Collection
2002/2.27

Chinese (Chinese (culture or style))
Side Table with Drawer
Gift of Marybelle B. Hanna
2001/1.348

Yao (Malawi)
Staff
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.5

African (African (general, continental cultures))
Staff
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.9

Songye (Songye)
Staff
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.12

Helle
Staff
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.20
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