VaseArtist(s)ChineseArtist NationalityChinese (culture or style)Object Creation Date1700-1722Medium & Supportporcelain with glazeDimensions
10 7/8 in x 4 in (27.62 cm x 10.2 cm);12 1/4 in x 6 11/16 in x 6 11/16 in (31.2 cm x 17 cm x 17 cm)Credit LineGift of the Estate of Hobart Taylor, Jr.Subject matter
A porcelain powder blue bottle vase of the Kangxi reign (1662-1722) of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). The imagery of qilin
, lions and birds among flowering branches all have auspicious meanings. Qilin
are zoomorphic mythological creatures with a lion's head and a goat's body, and sometimes have a horn or horns and scales. They are auspicious creatures that represent Confucian ideals of benevolence, gentleness, goodwill and integrity. Lions, despite not being native to China are popular motifs in Chinese art. Their imagery was introduced along with Buddhism from Central Asia. They are often associated with having supernatural and protective powers. Birds on flowering branches, such as seen in two of the reserves, represent happiness, as the first character in the word for bird, xique
, is xi and
is a homophone for happiness, while the word for prunus, mei
, is a homonym for eyebrows, thus the bird among flowering branches is synonymous with a wish for "happiness up to one's eyebrow's."
Powder blue, soufflé blue, snowflake blue or xue hua lan
(雪花篮), sprinkled blue or sa lan (
洒蓝), fish-roe blue (鱼子绿), and blown blue or chuiqing
(吹青) are all terms used to describe a subset of famille verte
porcelains that are covered with a cobalt blue ground comprising of many layered dots of various sizes, creating gradations in color. It was produced at Jingdezhen (景德镇), Jiangxi (江西), China for a very short time during the Kangxi (康熙) reign (1661-1722) of the Qing (清) dynasty (1644-1912), primarily from about 1700-1722. It is characterized by its rich, speckled cobalt underglaze surface covering the majority of porcelain vessel. Sometimes, reserves are masked off using paper as a resist, to keep some areas of the porcelain white. These areas may be decorated later with underglaze cobalt blue or underglaze copper red before glazing and firing, or possibly decorated with famille verte
enamels and gilding after glazing and firing. The designs often featured scenes from classical literature, "five color blue" landscapes, birds and flowers, beautiful ladies, the "Hundred Antiquities", and auspicious objects and divine beings. The multiple firings and costly materials made powder blue wares extremely expensive to produce.Physical Description
A porcelain, bottle-shaped vase with globular body and tall flaring footring. The tall flaring neck has a protruding flange below two globular bulbs at the lower portion of the neck. It is covered in powder blue underglaze with four reserves, two cirular and two rectangular, placed around the body. The white base has underglaze blue double circles, covered in a clear glaze and the round reserves are painted with polychrome overglaze enamels to depict a qilin
and a lion in landscapes. This alternates with birds among flowering branches in the rectangular reserves. The body is covered in powder blue ground with overglaze gold enamel floral sprays and banana leaf lappets around the neck. There is a paper label with "Chait Galleries New York" applied to base.
It is part of a ten-piece garniture set which includes: jars 1982/1.206A, 1982/1.206B, 1982/1.206C, 1982/1.207A, 1982/1.207B, and 1982/1.207C; vases, 1982/1.208, 1982/1.215, 1982/1.216, 1982/1.220; plates, 1982/1.212, 1982/1.213 and bowls, 1982/1.221,1982/1.22.Primary Object Classification Ceramic Primary Object TypebottleAdditional Object Classification(s)CeramicCollection AreaAsianRights
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Panthera leo (species)
blue-and-white (ceramic glaze)
cobalt blue (pigment)
porcelain (visual works)