85 UMMA Objects
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This  figure stands in a dynamic pose with knees slightly flexed. This androgynous figure sports a European-style hat, a crescent-shaped beard, and a realistically carved penis. The figure has gracefully curved shoulders and powerful legs. The feet and the arms, originally bent at ninety degrees, have been damaged. Most Bwende figures bear forms of scarification; this figure is no exception. Ornate scarifications are carved in relief upon its abdomen and torso while lined scarifications appear across the chest and forehead and beneath the eyes, which are inlaid with white shell. Most strikingly, however, are the two large metal rods that forcefully pierce the figure's abdomen.
Bwende (Bwende)
Power Figure
1885 – 1895
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.178
This small figure is that of a dog who has short legs, a thick, curled tail, small ears, and an elongated muzzle. Its mouth is open with pointed teeth bared and tongue slightly hanging. Its eyes include small mirrors and feature the white mineral <em>kaolin</em>. On the dog’s back is a large, mirror-topped medicine pack which has been sealed with resin.  There are two recesses on top of both hind legs which also likely held packets of medicine.  Near the top of the two front legs are hollow projections, which have broken off.
Vili (Kongo) (Vili)
Power Figure
1845 – 1855
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.182
Kneeling female figure with hands placed on knees. The chest and back show scarifications. The teeth are filed and the figure has a flat, raised coiffure. 
Yombe (Yombe (culture or style))
Figure
1880 – 1890
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.184
Wood-carved, standing figure with knees slightly flexed, prominent gentalia, naturalistic face, pointed beard and eyes inset with a white material, probably small ceramic fragments. The feet are missing. It wears a metal ring around its neck, and a string with metal fragments, glass beads and a small metal bell is attached across its chest, from arm to arm. A vertical crack on the front right side of the figure is filled with a gauzy material.
Beembe (Kongo)
Power figure
1865 – 1875
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.189
This male standing figure is holding a weapon and has detailed scarifications on his chest and abdomen. The eyes are inserted porcelain chips and the figure shows a beard and an asymmetrical hairstyle. 
Beembe (Kongo)
Ancestor figure
1865 – 1875
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.190
This wooden, zoomorphic Bembe <em>alunga</em> mask represents an owl. The mask has an elongated, bell-shaped form, with much of its base pigmented black. The owl has two white, oval-shaped, concave oracular cavities with protruding, half-moon eyes and a long, narrow beak. The foot of the mask features two serpents that have been carved in relief and painted red, both of which are surrounded by white, geometric motifs.  
Bembe (Bembe (Kongo))
Mask
1925 – 1935
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.194
This small Pende ivory pendant (<em>ikhoko</em>) depicts a delicately carved male head. Stylistically, <em>ikhoko</em> bear many of the facial characteristics of anthropomorphic Pende <em>mbuya</em> masks, after which they have been modeled. In this particular example, the pendant feature an ovoid head, a tall coiffure, a large, bulbous forehead, heavily lidded, closed eyes from which vertical lines extend downward, a wide, up-turned nose, and a pointed chin. Three bands of fine decorative motifs adorn the top of the forehead. The pendant also possesses a pale yellow patina.
Pende (Pende)
Amulet Pendant
1875 – 1885
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.198
This small Pende ivory pendant (<em>ikhoko</em>) depicts a delicately carved male head. Stylistically, <em>ikhoko</em> bear many of the facial characteristics of anthropomorphic Pende <em>mbuya</em> masks, after which they have been modeled. In this particular example, an ovoid head rests atop a columnar neck and features a tall, striated coiffure.  It has a large, bulbous forehead, a V-shaped brow, heavily lidded and downcast eyes, an up-turned nose, a wide oval mouth, and a slightly pointed chin. Fine patterns and lined motifs decorate the neck. The pendant also possesses a pale yellow patina.
Pende (Pende)
Amulet Pendant
1915 – 1925
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.199
This Luba Kabongo work depicts a half-figure wearing a striated mask, known as a <em>kifwebe</em>. Decorated with kaolin (white clay) and black pigment, the anthropomorphic mask features a round, convex forehead, a vertical ridge running down from the forehead and forming the nose, long, narrow eyes, and, a wide, rectangular mouth. A highly dense fringe of vegetable fiber encircles the wooden face, completing the mask. A shirt stitched of monkey skin covers the figure’s body and existing arm (one arm has broken off); the uncarved hand is exposed and resembles a paddle. Interestingly, the arms have been designed to be movable, suggesting that this may have been used as a puppet.
Luba (Luba (culture or style))
Figure
1915 – 1925
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.216
This woodcarved, cephalomorphic divination pestle is representative of the Luba Shankadi style of figural sculpture, which is characterized by an abstract and schematic form. The head features a convex face, diamond-shaped eyes carved in relief, a ridged forehead and nose, an oblong mouth, and a long, cylindrical neck. The figure’s terraced, cascading coiffure is typical of hairstyles found in the Shankadi region. Four strands of china beads, white and blue in color, have been tied around the pestle and sit atop its circular base.
Luba (Luba (culture or style))
Pestle
1875 – 1885
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.221
This vessel made from a hollowed gourd is covered by animal skin and plugged by a finely carved, wooden head. The gourd visually creates a bulbous body for the figure. Further enhancing the anthropomorphic effect are small wooden rods, two of which appear below either side of the head resembling arms and held in place by twisted fiber. The head itself features prominent, rounded eyebrows, narrowly opened eyes, a perfectly rounded mouth, and a rectangular chin.
Songye (Songye)
Gourd
1925 – 1935
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.232
Wooden stool with a circular base and four human figures supporting the upper portion. The figures have horizontal grooves decorating their wrists and ankles. The edge of the upper portion of the stool is decorated with incised diamond shapes. 
Stool
1901 – 1999
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern
2005/1.240
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