Seated Male Figure

Accession Number
1999/1.94

Title
Seated Male Figure

Artist(s)
Yombe; Kongo

Artist Nationality
Yombe (culture or style)

Object Creation Date
1825-1875

Medium & Support
wood, brass tacks, glass

Dimensions
6 3/4 in x 2 13/16 in x 2 13/16 in (17.15 cm x 7.14 cm x 7.14 cm);7 13/16 in x 2 7/8 in x 3 9/16 in (19.84 cm x 7.3 cm x 9.05 cm);1 1/16 in x 2 7/8 in x 3 9/16 in (2.7 cm x 7.3 cm x 9.05 cm)

Credit Line
Museum purchase made possible by the David L. Chambers and John G. Crane Fund for Acquisitions

Subject matter
This figure is an idealized representation of an honored ancestor. Though separated by death, ancestors in Yombe culture remain an active part of the living world. Figures such as this were displayed in shrines to commemorate important individuals and to seek their protection, intercession and good will.

Physical Description
Small, carved male figure, seated atop a block, with legs crossed. The naturalism with which the expressive face is carved, the high crested coiffure (or chiefly cap?) and the progressive foreshortening of the body show the importance given to the head in Yombe aesthetics. The figure's eyes are mirrored glass, and the upper body, face and head are studded with brass tacks. A slight vertical crack can be seen at the figure's sternum.
The Yombe figure was identified for UMMA by Allen Roberts and Mary (Polly) Nooter Roberts. There was a discrepency regarding the dating of the piece: the export paperwork said "circa 1830", but the dealer's catalogue said early 19th c. When asked to help resolve the dating, Polly Nooter Roberts replied: "As for the Yombe figure, I can tell you with certainty that it is NOT early 20th century, and is definitely from the 19th century, if not earlier. I cannot confirm the 1830 date, but I would be more inclined to believe that than the early 20th century. So, I think you can confidently say 19th century, and perhaps you can go ahead and use the paperwork that says 1830 since that was supplied with it." See e-mail to Carole McNamara, 1/12/00.

Primary Object Classification
Sculpture

Primary Object Type
figure

Additional Object Classification(s)
Wood and Woodcarving

Collection Area
African

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
ancestors
figures (representations)
seated

3 Related Resources

Beyond Borders Teacher Workshop        
(Part of: UMMA Teacher Workshop Resources)
Cabinet W: Shelf 3
(Part of: Albertine Monroe-Brown Study-Storage Gallery)
F20 Millman Gallery Drawing
(Part of: Resources Made by Isabel Engel)

& Author Notes

Web Use Permitted