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Between and Mortarboard

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Accession Number



Artist Nationality
Chinese (culture or style)

Object Creation Date
15th century

Medium & Support
Stoneware with glaze

2 3/4 in x 13 1/2 in (7 cm x 34.3 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Stephen H. and Patricia O. Spurr from the Henry Jewett Greene Collection

Subject matter
This is a Longquan celadon dish of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), the interior incised with a peony spray. Peonies are associated with wealth, imperial splendor, and the erotic appeal of a beautiful woman.

Longquan is the most representative, widespread, and esteemed ware of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279). Production started during the Five Dynasties period (907–960) at the kilns near the market town of Longquan, where in later dynasties much of the ware was collected for shipping. Technological advances such as the development of a multi-chambered, rising kiln and the use of stacked saggars (protective clay boxes) allowed for increased production in the Southern Song. In Yuan (1279–1368) and Ming (1368–1644) times, the kilns supplied wares to a domestic market as well as to overseas markets in Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia.

Physical Description
This stoneware, flat-bottomed dish has straight, everted sides and an everted rim with articulation, on a footring. The interior is incised with a peony spray surrounded by wavy lines on the sides. It is covered with a green celadon glaze.

Primary Object Classification

Primary Object Type

Collection Area

If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form. Keywords
Paeonia (genus)
bowls (vessels)
celadon (glaze)
ceramic (material)
stoneware (pottery)

& Author Notes

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