C2 - Chanchani - yogic body (main set)

Indian
Parshvanatha (small folk bronze)
bronze
6 13/16 in x 2 15/16 in x 2 3/4 in (17.3 cm x 7.4 cm x 7 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
Indian
Jaina altar piece of the 24 [Caturvimsati] Jinas: with standing nude figure of Mahavira cast in the round occupying central area of base, flanked by small tirthankaras; incsribed but unread. From Mysore, Karnataka.
bronze
10 9/16 in x 7 3/8 in x 3 15/16 in (26.8 cm x 18.8 cm x 10 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
This shrine depicts a large seated Jina surrounded by 23 other jina figures and a variety of attendants.  The Jina figures that adorn the sides and are arranged in tiers above the main figure. The side columns and the whole is surmounted by auspicious pot forms.  The main figure sits in the lotus position on a lion throne flanked by a male and female demigod.  Along the sides he is flanked by standing cauri bearers, garland bearers above them and riders on elephants above that with an umbrella with a standing figure on it above his head.  At the base in the center is a standing figure holding a sick or club with a bull cognizance behind him on the base of the throne.  The nine globs on the base, four to his right and five to his left represent the nine planets and his hands folded in a gesture of meditation<br />
Indian
Caturvimsati Pata (Shrine of the 24 Jinas)
bronze or brass
11 1/4 in x 7 11/16 in x 3 9/16 in (28.5 cm x 19.5 cm x 9 cm);11 1/4 in x 7 11/16 in x 3 9/16 in (28.5 cm x 19.5 cm x 9 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
The jina Malli sits in the lotus position on an inlayed cushion on a tiered throne. Seated with his hands folded in a gesture of meditation, he is surrounded by a number of figures representing other jinas, attendants and demigods. In the center in front of the throne sits the goddess Ambika with a child on her lap.  On the first tier of the throne sit two figures that may represent donors.  On the next left are nine mounds representing the nine planets [navagraha], five to his right and four to his left.  At the base of his seat are two stylized lions and this is flanked by a male and female demigod.  On the arch surrounding the figure at his level a standing jina figure is to each side and cauri bearer is on the outside of each of them.  At his shoulders, the cross bars of the throne back end in stylized makara heads with jewels hanging from their mouths.  A seated jina adorns the arch to each side of his head and elephants surmount them with an umbrella over his head with a dancing figure atop it.  The who
Indian
Malli shrine, dated VS 1528 [1471 A.D.]
brass with copper and silver inlay
7 3/16 in x 4 1/2 in x 2 15/16 in (18.2 cm x 11.4 cm x 7.5 cm);7 3/16 in x 4 1/2 in x 2 15/16 in (18.2 cm x 11.4 cm x 7.5 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
The Buddha in bhumisparsa mudra (the gesture of touching the earth with his right hand, palm inward), signaling his victory over Mara. He is shown under three leaves, indicating the bodhi tree under which he sat while meditating before reaching an awakening. He is shown flanked by two stupas, or reliquary monuments, symbolizing his attainment of nirvana.<br />
Indian
Buddha, seated under a canopy of 3 leaves on a double lotus dais in the padmasana pose, in bhumisparsa mudra, flanked by two stupas
black schist
3 1/16 in x 1 11/16 in x 15/16 in (7.8 cm x 4.3 cm x 2.3 cm)
Museum purchase made possible by the Margaret Watson Parker Art Collection Fund
A miniature sculpture of a the Tibetan yogin Milarepa as a rotund figure, seated in lalitasana (the posture of royal ease, with one knee drawn up and the other relaxed) on an antelope skin (the head of the antelope can be discerned just under the figure's left foot, as an incised design). The right hand is raised, cusping the right ear as though to better hear, while the left elbow rests on the left knee, and the right hand holds a nettle-shell bowl. Wrapped around his torso, from his right shoulder to his left knee, is a sash (sometimes referred to as a meditation belt), which allows him to keep his body upright during long hours of meditation. The base, cast in a single piece with the figure, is decorated with beading and a single band of lotus petals.

Yogi Milarepa (c. 1032–c. 1135)
bronze
2 3/8 in. x 1 15/16 in. x 1 5/8 in. ( 6 cm x 5 cm x 4.1 cm )
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
Artist Unknown, Gandhara (Ancient Pakistan and Afghanistan)
Buddha, seated in the padmasana pose, in dhyana mudra (architectural fragment)
black schist with light brown patina
8 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. x 2 3/4 in. ( 21.59 cm x 19.05 cm x 6.99 cm )
Gift of Mark and Iuliana Phillips
This painting illustrates a verse from a Digambara Jain manuscript that likens the capacity of praising the Jina to destroy sins to the way the sun obliterates darkness; it shows a sun with the face of a Jina illuminating the sky. The golden-hued Jina and the monk who venerate a Jina are nude, identifying them as belonging to the Digambara (sky-clad) sect of Jainism.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Jina and a monk in a landscape from a Digambara Jain manuscript
ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
11 5/16 in x 7 3/8 in (28.73 cm x 18.73 cm);19 5/16 in x 14 3/8 in (49 cm x 36.5 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
In this intensely lyrical painting from Bundelkhand in Central India, the great river is shown tumbling from the night sky. Ascetics sit cross-legged on the mountainside, offering their austerities to Shiva, while women come to venerate Ganga. The river teems with life—crocodiles, turtles, fish, and birds—while lions, leopards, jackals, monkeys, and rabbits cavort on its banks.
Indian
Descent of the River Ganges
ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
10 in x 7 in (25.4 cm x 17.78 cm);19 5/16 in x 14 5/16 in (49.05 cm x 36.35 cm);8 5/8 in x 5 7/8 in (21.91 cm x 14.92 cm)
Museum purchase made possible by a gift of Sarah W. Graf and Otto G. Graf
In this idyllic scene, the goddess Parvati offers her husband Shiva a drink, as they enjoy a quiet moment together. Their children, the elephant-headed Ganesha and Skanda, play inside a tent made from the hide of an elephant demon that Shiva had slain. Both parents are clothed in animal skins, the garb of mountain-dwelling ascetics, while Shiva is further adorned with a long necklace of skulls and a snake.
Artist Unknown, India, Punjab Hills, Kangra School
Shiva and his family
ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
7 ⅝ in x 5 ⅜ in (19.37 cm x 13.65 cm);19 3/10 in x 14 3/10 in (49.05 cm x 36.35 cm);7 ⅝ in x 5 ⅜ in (19.37 cm x 13.65 cm)
Gift of Dr. Walter R. Parker
Varahi has a crowned boar’s head on a woman’s body.  She sits with her ankles crosses and originally had four arms, the back two have broken away as has the front right hand which had probably been held up in a reassuring gesture.  Her left from hand is held down at her left knee with the palm held facing out in a gesture of giving.  Her body is softly modeled with a narrow waist and full breasts.  She wears jewelry that is in sharp but low relief and includes a series of necklaces forming a collar of decoration and a longer one that falls between her breasts which suggests the sacred thread extending down to her waist at her right.  She is naked from the waist up and the lower garment is merely suggested by the heavier folds at the waist.  Her head is tilted and her chin/snout had jutted out to the left, but the lower snout is broken away.  She wears a conical crown that accents the long diagonal of her face.  Originally there was an arch behind the image which would have supported her back arms, so the imag
Artist Unknown, India, Tamil Nandu, Kanchipuran
Varahi
granite
28 1/8 in x 21 in x 13 in (71.4 cm x 53.3 cm x 33.02 cm);28 1/8 in x 21 in x 13 in (71.4 cm x 53.3 cm x 33 cm)
Museum Purchase
Nude Jina sitting on altar-like structure in center of image. The "altar" is sitting on a lotus flower. There are devotees on all four sides of Jina, a total of five persons. The devotee at the left is also nude. There are red and yellow flags, and various flowers scattered all over the image. There is a red and green border. The colors present are vivid reds, greens, yellows and deep blues.
Indian
Jina and devotees from a Digambara Jain manuscript
ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
x 7 in x 17.8 cm;11 5/16 in x 7 in (28.8 cm x 17.8 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.

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December 6, 2019 2:00 p.m.

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