Ceremonial Tall Necked Bottle

Accession Number

Ceremonial Tall Necked Bottle

Caddo; Mississippian

Artist Nationality

Object Creation Date
circa 1250

Medium & Support
black ash firing finish on terracotta

6 1/8 in x 4 1/4 in (15.56 cm x 10.8 cm)

Credit Line
Museum Purchase

Subject matter
The lines on this bottle express central Mississippian cosmological beliefs, and indicate that the bottle was used among Caddoan priests. The central circle of the world or sun (here, the neck hole itself) is surrounded by the four directions of the surrounding etched design. If the viewer looks straight on one of these directions from the side, the curved lines and point also suggest a bird form (eyes and beak) looking back. This may have been a falcon, a revered bird among Mississippian warriors and often symbolized in warrior material culture.

Physical Description
Terracotta bottle with a bulbous belly and a long cylindrical neck. Black ash firing finish on entire bottle with ethched geometric design on belly.

Primary Object Classification

Primary Object Type

Collection Area

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Falco (genus)

4 Related Resources

Indigenous North America Arts
(Part of 9 Learning Collections)
Cabinet T: Shelf 3
(Part of: Albertine Monroe-Brown Study-Storage Gallery)
Work by Indigenous Artists in UMMA's Collection
(Part of: Representation and Misrepresentation of Indigeneity in UMMA's Collection)

& Author Notes

Web Use Permitted

On display

UMMA Gallery Location ➜ AMH, 2nd floor ➜ 205 (Albertine Monroe-Brown Study-Storage Gallery) ➜ Cabinet T ➜ Shelf 3