109 UMMA Objects
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Mask with wooden face and raffia hair
20th century
Gift of Larry Hauptmann
Wooden mask in the shape of human head, covered with animal skin, possibly antelope. The head is ovoid shaped with a small nose and an open mouth filled with teeth. The ears are small and there is a dark line running from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the nose. There are two raised marks on each side of the face. The top of the head is darkened and has small, wooden pegs to represent hair. 
1890 – 1959
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern

Fang (Fang (culture or style))
Gift of Robert B. Jacobs
Wooden helmet-shaped mask with a large central dome. From the front two flat plates form a mouth, with triangular ears on each side while two curved horns extend back. There is a crack along the center of the mask that appears to have been repaired locally with pitch or tar.
Chamba (Chamba (Nigerian))
1900 – 1974
Museum Purchase
Wooden mask with a superstructure of curling horns with blue pigment. The face of the mask is white and the mouth is open with pointed teeth. Attached below the mouth is a panel of fur, possibly monkey fur. The forehead is dark in color while there is blue pigment above each eye. On each side of the head are possible animal figures or horns, while atop the forehead sits another set of horns or hairstyle that points downward, carved with a spiral design. 
Igbo (Igbo (Southern Nigerian style, culture))
1900 – 1978
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert T. Weston
A wooden crest mask covered with antelope skin in the form of a human figure with a columnar body and four outstretched limbs. The center of the figure's abdomen is dyed a dark brown, while the rest of the skin is light in color. On each side of the face are three dark circles in a vertical line. 
1900 – 1971
Gift of Mr. George Baumgartner
Carved mask with an elongated, protruding nose that extends to the bottom of the mask. The mouth is open with articulated teeth.
Baulé (Baule (culture))
Monkey Mask
20th century
Gift of Michael and Phyllis Courlander
Wooden mask in the form of a human face. The mouth is open and the chin has traces of hair attached. The eyes are set close together with a raised brow ridge and diagonal lines on each cheek. Next to each eye is a set of raised marks. The ears are small and rectangular. The hair is in a tri-lobal style, in some places covered with human hair. 
20th century
Gift of Dr. James and Vivian Curtis
Carved wood mask in the form of a human head. The head is bald, there are three black horizontal marks on each cheek, and three black vertical marks on the forehead. The pupils are pierced and the bottom of the mask has a raised lip. The inside top of the mask is filled with sand. 
Yoruba (Yoruba (culture or style))
Gelede Mask
1950 – 1999
Bequest of the Estate of Pamela Anne Seevers
A wooden mask with zoomorphic features. The mouth is in the form of elongated lips, resembling an open beak. Each eye is formed by a short rod in front of a small rectangular projection. Behind the eyes are triangular ears. At the back of the head are two curved projections. The mask is painted red, white and black with a brown feather at the top of the head. 
Mambila (Mambila (culture or style))
1800 – 1999
Gift of the Robbins Center for Cross Cultural Communications in memory of Warren M. Robbins
Large, ovoid mask with a dark patina. The forehead of the face is raised, sloping down to a short, broad nose. The eyes are formed by two cresent shapes separated by a rectangle. On each cheek are three raised marks in a vertical line. The mouth is closed and may be moveable. 
Ibibio (Ibibio)
1935 – 1945
Gift of Lydia Johnstone
This bold and dramatic wooden Pende <em>mbangu</em> mask features a half-white, half-black face with a contorted visage.  The face has been carved in such a way that the features appearing on the left side, which has been pigmented black, are either positioned lower (the left ear and eye) or droop downwards (left sides of the nose and mouth). Moreover, the black portion of the face features several indentations representing scars. The resulting visual effect is one of facial asymmetry. A thick layer of white and black pigment has been applied to the face’s wooden surface, while black raffia fibers have been tightly woven onto a vegetable fiber cloth on the black half of the mask, completing the look.
Pende (Pende)
1925 – 1935
Gift of Candis and Helmut Stern