17 UMMA Objects
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Arabic calligraphic script on paper; script is in Maghribi style, written in black ink with touches of green and rec ochre. Shadows of script (from reverse or opposite page, transferred while closed?) show through. Beige paper is browned with age at edges; upper left has repaired tear.
Qur’an manuscript leaf in Maghribi script
13th century
Museum Purchase
The horizontal folio from a Kalpasutra manuscript consists of seven lines of text to the left and center broken by a squarish gold symbol framed in a red line and cusped blue lines. Gold diamond shapes framed in red are at the sides, with a vertical red line between the one on the left and the text. Between the text and the right diamond shape there is a painting consisting of three registers of figures against a red ground. The top row depicts three laymen wearing crowns, the middle two monks and a nun and the bottom row three nuns.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Kalpasutra manuscript page: Monks and Devotees
1400 – 1450
Museum purchase, Acquisition Fund
A scene takes place in a red box, lined with black and red diamond and triangle designs for borders. In the center, a woman sites with a child in her lap. She wears a spotted dress, her hair up, and a nose ring and bindi. The child reaches one hand and places it atop her head, and the other down towards her own upward hands. Surrounding them are seven other figures. One kneels before them, offering his hands up, and another fans the woman from behind. The remaining five figures seem to play together in front of the throne on which the woman and child sit.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
The birth of the Kauravas from a Mahabharata series
19th century
Museum purchase, Acquisition Fund
Leaf from a Kalpasutra manuscript with calligraphic text. Font size varies, and in the center of the leaf text wraps around a blank box of parchment with a red dot in the center. To the left of this main text block is a colorful illustration of an enthroned figure in a dotted robe flanked by devotees. Surrounding him are various auspicious symbols.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Kalpasutra manuscript, leaf: A Jaina monk (fol. no. 2r)
15th century
Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink for the James Marshall Plumer Memorial Collection
This leaf from a manuscript contains seven lines of Latin text with musical notation. The initial letter, "C," of the opening word "Confessio" is made from a curved vegetal form. The text is preceded by a painted miniature in a circular frame that is, in turn, enclosed by a golden square. The miniature depicts a man with a tonsure and a golden halo standing in a verdant landscape. He holds a palm leaf in his left hand and rests his right hand on a grill. The left and upper margins of the page are decorated with green and pink leaves and flowers and small gold circles.
Ludovico de Gaci
Leaf from a Gradual with St. Lawrence
Gift of Ann and Leonard Eaton in appreciation for the excellent teaching of Ilene Forsyth and Marvin Eisenberg
This miniature painting depicts a group of male figures gathered around a coffin draped with a blue cloth. Two pairs of candles set on tall candlesticks are placed at the head and foot of the coffin. To the left of the coffin stand four mourners wearing long gray robes with hoods. Facing them from the other side of the coffin are three tonsured clergymen dressed in white, who look at an open book placed before them. The group stands upon a green tiled floor next to a pink wall. The background is painted red and decorated with an exuberant pattern of gold scrolling foliage motifs.
Gold Scrolls Group
Leaf from a book of hours with a funeral mass
1415 – 1455
Anonymous Gift in memory of Mrs. John Alexander
This manuscript leaf contains a single column of text in Latin surrounded by generous margins on three sides. Pen-flourished initials elaborated with delicate penwork, colored red and blue alternating with gold and purple, mark the beginning of each verse along the left edge of the text column. Five line-fillers, long linear elements colored blue and gold, complete the closing line of each verse and preserve the regular shape of the text block.
Leaf from a psalter or book of hours (Psalm 26)
1400 – 1450
Museum Purchase
This page from a manuscript features two columns of text written in Armenian. An animal-shaped initial, composed of two stylized birds pecking one another, appears in the lower right column. The lower left margin is decorated with a sidebar that elegantly combines geometric and plant motifs. The decorative elements are painted in pink and blue with touches of reddish orange.
Leaf from a Bible with decorated initial and vegetal ornament
1400 – 1432
Museum purchase
Alongside a block of calligraphic text a red rectable sets off an illustrative space. In the bottom right corner of the illustration a woman dances, and on the left a larger figure pulls an arrow taught in a bow.
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Kalpasutra manuscript, leaf: The Courtesan Kosha and the King's Charioteer (fol. no. 102v)
1400 – 1432
Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink
Manuscript cabinet decorated with two celestial beings making the gesture of worship and respect (anjalimudra) on front doors. The hands and faces of these figures are carved in particularly high relief, making them seem to interact with the worshipper, a feeling enhanced by the reflection of the background inserts.
Manuscript Cabinet
1930 – 1949
Gift of Doris Duke's Southeast Asian Art Collection
Worshippers gather and seem to celebrate around a sky-clad (nude) Jina and monk at top center. Flanking these figures are two searted drummers. In the lower register men on horseback and elephant look up to them as the ride by and raise their weapons in battle. A trumpeter sounds his instrument in the bottom left.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina and battle scene
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
Two columns of Latin text fill this page taken from a bible manuscript. A painting in a gold rectangular frame is located in the lower right column. An angel descends from a blue semicircular disc in the upper right corner of the painting and grasps a larger figure by the hair with both hands. This second figure holds a jug in his left hand and a plate with bread in his right. A third figure, dressed in a white robe, reaches up toward this larger figure from an enclosure below. He appears against a black background and four gray animal heads overlap his torso.
French (French (culture or style))
Leaf from a Bible with Daniel in the lions' den aided by the prophet Habakuk
1285 – 1295
Anonymous Gift in memory of Mrs. John Alexander