95 UMMA Objects
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A massive wood-carved headdress with stylized face (showing classic Yoruba features) of bulging eyes with defined upper lids, long, straight, triangular nose, symmetrical scarification patterns consisting of three horizontal lines on each cheek, and a short beard from ear to ear just underneath the lower lip. Two large “ears” protrude on either side of head and act as “scaffolding” for numerous attachments of symbolic content: birds and lions predominate, but also visible are amulets, wooden claws and beads, crosses, and an insignia shield of some kind. The ears terminate in two oblong mirrors with lions leaping off of each. Layers of pigment are visible, giving the impression that it has been repainted over time.
Workshop of Adugbologe
Egúngún headdress
1945 – 1955
Gift of the Edward H. Eliscu Family
1985/1.183
Kneeling brass female figure atop an iron staff. The eyes protrude and the mouth is straight. On the forehead are two crescent shapes and the figure also has a beard. The figure is elaborately decorated, with a necklace, cylindrical headdress, and circular discs hanging from the back of the head. There are two larger spiral motifs on the sides of the body and the hands are held in closed fists in front of the body, the left hand on top of the right.
Yoruba (Yoruba (culture or style))
Ogboni staff
1900 – 1970
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.39
A wooden staff, covered with beads in solid colors (red, blue, green and orange) outlined in black against a background of white beads, with a sideways M pattern in the middle of the shaft on either side.  A stylized head of open beadwork tops the staff, followed by a tight-fitting necklace-like band with a clasp in orange and green and a white band, above solid red and blue rings.
Ndebele
Staff
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.46

Songhoi
Wedding Slippers (one of a pair)
1946
Gift of Professor and Mrs. Horace M. Miner
1983/2.210.2
Cap in a dome shape made from woven fibers with a piece of fur attached to the top, possibly from a monkey. 
Cap
1890 – 1920
Gift of Dr. James and Vivian Curtis
2000/2.101
Janus heads with elaborate headgear top a staff with a long, thin shaft and broader hourglass-shaped sections with a stylized human head in the middle of each one. The staff is covered with carved geometrical patterns of triangles, lozenges and lines, and ends in a metal-coiled tip at the bottom; it is heavy and has a shiny black patina.
Luba (Luba (culture or style))
Staff
1900 – 1940
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.75
A stylized human head with an elaborate coiffure, sitting atop a larger animal head with scarification marks below the eyes, tops a well-carved staff with angular handle and a zig-zag carved pattern below the handle.  The eyes of both figures are set in shallow cavities and appear squinted or closed.
Yaka (Yaka (Kwango-Kwilu region style))
Staff
1933 – 1966
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.19
Carved wood headdress in the form of a bird's head and neck. The beak is open and the head is covered with leather, some of which is red. There is also string wrapped around the head of the bird. The crest above the beak is covered with red seeds, possibly abrus seeds. The long, curved neck is attached to a flat disc, through which leather straps have been inserted. The strap at the bottom of the neck is also attached to the back of the bird's head as well. 
Hunter's Bird Decoy Headdress
1945 – 1955
Gift of Dale E. Rice
1982/2.63
Two carved female figures, holding one arm over each other's back, an the other resting on the stomach decorated with lozenge motifs and scarification patterns; one figure is wearing a rope around the middle. A curving shaft supports the figures, broadening from the metal tip at the bottom into two bulging forms, divided by a dark black line through the middle, and covered in a carved pattern of triangles and lines on both front and back. The staff is heavy, with a nice shiny patina.
Luba (Luba (culture or style))
Staff
1900 – 1940
Gift of Margaret H. and Albert J. Coudron
2001/2.76
The sword has an elongated, leaf-shaped blade. The handle is embellished with tacks and a small cone on the end.<br />
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The wooden scabbard or sheath is wide and tapers at the bottom before widening again at the base. Twine is wrapped around three sections of the sheath and a fourth section has markings of having once been wrapped in twine. 
Songye (Songye)
Knife with wooden scabbard
1945 – 1955
Gift of the Honorable Jack Faxon
1985/2.123A-B

Songhoi
Wedding Slippers (one of a pair)
1946
Gift of Prof. and Mrs. Horace M. Miner
1983/2.210.1
Wooden knife with a leaf shaped blade. The center of the blade has a carved line running down the length of the blade. The knife has patination. There is tukula powder rubbed on the knife. 
Kuba (Kuba (Democratic Republic of Congo style))
Knife
1895 – 1905
Museum Purchase made possible by the Friends of the Museum of Art
1984/2.34
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