17 UMMA Objects
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Ambika sits above her stylized lion mount with a long body and with its tail curled to add support to the seated figure above. She sits with one leg pendant.  She has four arms, the back two hold stylized mango clusters and her front right hand holds a large mango.  Her left-hand cups a child seated on her left knee.  Another child stands on the base to her right.  The backing takes on a throne-like form, but she appears to float in front of it, the square-ish base is pierced and the arch of the back is surmounted by an auspicious pot form with leaves creating a volute shape to either side.  The sculpture is solid brass, but the eyes and an ornament in her headdress are inlayed with silver.<br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Ambika
17th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.114
The jina Malli sits in the lotus position on an inlayed cushion on a tiered throne. Seated with his hands folded in a gesture of meditation, he is surrounded by a number of figures representing other jinas, attendants and demigods. In the center in front of the throne sits the goddess Ambika with a child on her lap.  On the first tier of the throne sit two figures that may represent donors.  On the next left are nine mounds representing the nine planets [navagraha], five to his right and four to his left.  At the base of his seat are two stylized lions and this is flanked by a male and female demigod.  On the arch surrounding the figure at his level a standing jina figure is to each side and cauri bearer is on the outside of each of them.  At his shoulders, the cross bars of the throne back end in stylized makara heads with jewels hanging from their mouths.  A seated jina adorns the arch to each side of his head and elephants surmount them with an umbrella over his head with a dancing figure atop it.  The who
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Malli shrine, dated VS 1528 [1471 A.D.]
1471
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.121
This shrine depicts a large seated Jina surrounded by 23 other jina figures and a variety of attendants.  The Jina figures that adorn the sides and are arranged in tiers above the main figure. The side columns and the whole is surmounted by auspicious pot forms.  The main figure sits in the lotus position on a lion throne flanked by a male and female demigod.  Along the sides he is flanked by standing cauri bearers, garland bearers above them and riders on elephants above that with an umbrella with a standing figure on it above his head.  At the base in the center is a standing figure holding a sick or club with a bull cognizance behind him on the base of the throne.  The nine globs on the base, four to his right and five to his left represent the nine planets and his hands folded in a gesture of meditation<br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Caturvimsati Pata (Shrine of the 24 Jinas)
1464
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.120
In the upper register of this folio a woman holds a child who is crowned and adorned with jewels. The golden hue of the infant, along with the fan held above their heads signifies the child’s importance. They sit in devotion before a Jina, indicated by his nudity—a trademark of Digambara Jina and a sign of purity.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina and worshipper
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.165
This column fragment consists of a base with a seated jina in the center with a tiered umbrella above him under an elaborate arch flanked by two figures to either side—two male and dancing females at the outside.  Three virtually identical bands above it represent smaller seated jinas in less elaborate pavilions.  A pair of male cauri bearers with a devotional male on the outside flanks each of the two central figures.  The top figure is flanked by the pair of cauri bearers, but with an elephant surmounted by a lion figure on either side.   There is no cognizance present to identify any of the four jinas, all are depicted in lotus position and their hands in dhyana mudra, a meditation gesture.   <br />
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan or Gujarat, Jain
Column with Four Jinas and Attendants (Jain Marble Column)
1100 – 1299
Museum purchase made possible by the Margaret Watson Parker Art Collection Fund
2004/1.151
Worshippers gather and seem to celebrate around a sky-clad (nude) Jina and monk at top center. Flanking these figures are two searted drummers. In the lower register men on horseback and elephant look up to them as the ride by and raise their weapons in battle. A trumpeter sounds his instrument in the bottom left.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina and battle scene
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1975/2.168
Eight worshippers sit to the right of a sky-clad (nude) Jina and monk. They each raise beads in their hands. Below them a struggle is depicted. Two men in shorts wrestle, while a snake, tiger, and elephant rera up beside a fire.
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Digambara Jain manuscript page: Jina venerated by a community of laymen
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.169
Two distinct registers divide a page in half. At the top, a yellow-orange colored nude jina sits in lotus position upon a three tiered throne [a patterned blue level at the bottom on feet, with an orange section with gold and red decoration and a green level at the top with gold vertical stripes]. He sits against a red background adorned with a pattern of three white dots. The background takes the shape of an elegant cusped arch with a green and white pattern along its outside with a gold pattern at its sides. To the right of the seated figure a nude Digambara monk sits with his legs folded and one knee up on a less elaborate throne with a lota or pot at the corner and a crossed bookstand to the side holding a book with some devanagari writing on it. He raises his right arm and holds his left to his ear.<br />
Placed under a band of curving yellow stripes, the bottom register represents animals in a landscape. At the bottom are clumps of grass with four stylized mountain forms in blue at the right. Above the
Artist Unknown, India, Rajasthan, Sirohi School
Jain Tirthankara and a monk with animal forest scene, no. 12 from a Digambara series
18th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1975/2.178

Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Parshvanatha (small folk bronze)
20th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.122

Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Jina, fragment of a larger shrine
15th century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel.
1975/2.123
This broken fragment depicts a now headless goddess or yakshi standing with a much smaller male attendant.  She wears a necklace, bracelets and a girdle consisting of three rows of small round shapes.  She stands with her left hand at her waist and the right hand next to the head of her attendant.  He wears a turban and large earrings and a belt of a single line of round shapes.  They both wear diaphanous lower garments that make them appear nude with both of them with their genitals exposed.  The fragment is broken above the male figure’s knees and below the yakshi’s knees.  <br />
Indian (Indian (South Asian))
Yakshi and attendant
2nd century
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Leo S. Figiel and Dr. and Mrs. Steven J. Figiel
1980/2.285
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