Advanced Search

K-12 Educator
K-12 Student
Museum Visitor
UMMA Docent
UMMA Staff
University Faculty
University Student
Between and Mortarboard


UMMA Object Specific Fields






Query builder

Night Rain on the Xiao and Xiang Rivers

Accession Number
2006/1.127

Title
Night Rain on the Xiao and Xiang Rivers

Artist(s)
Chang Ku-nien

Object Creation Date
1975-1987

Medium & Support
hanging scroll, ink on paper

Dimensions
29 3/8 in x 16 in (74.6 cm x 40.6 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Dr. Cheng-Yang and Mrs. Shirley Chang

Label copy
Chang Ku-nien
Chinese, 1906–1987
Night Rain on the Xiao and Xiang Rivers 
circa 1975–87
Hanging scroll, Ink on paper
Gift of Dr. Cheng-Yang and Mrs. Shirley Chang, 2006/1.127    

In this painting, Chang Ku-nien represents a scene from the famous Eight Views of the Xiao and Xiang—landscapes that had been depicted by literati (amateur scholar-artist) poets and painters since the Song dynasty (960–1279). Located in Hunan province in mainland China, the area offers scenic views of the Jiuyi mountain range, Dongting Lake, and numerous rivers. In literati art, landscapes are often imaginary rather than real, and for centuries views of Xiao and Xiang conformed to established conventions: the river scene, for example, is often represented at night and in rain. Chang frequently used ink washes to convey atmosphere in his depictions of mainland Chinese landscapes, making them appear vague, distant, and dreamlike—like a faded memory of a remote homeland that will not be seen again.

Subject matter
Chang Ku-nien is from the last generation of artists trained in the centuries-old tradition of Chinese literati painting. He was instrumental in the revival of the practice of traditional Chinese painting that had languished under the cultural influence of Japan during its occupation of Taiwan. He was one of very few mainland painters from his generation to explore the scenery of Taiwan, where he lived in exile, using the methods of traditional Chinese ink painting.

Physical Description
In this landscape a misty, meandering river is depicted with two boathouses along its banks. Reeds and other foliage grow lush along the banks, partially obscuring the boathouse in the foreground. Accompanying text is in the upper register.

Primary Object Classification
Painting

Primary Object Type
hanging scroll

Additional Object Classification(s)
Painting

Collection Area
Asian

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form. Keywords
boats
hanging scrolls
ink
night
pavilions (garden structures)
rain
rivers

1 Related Resource

Ink and Realisms
(Part of: Artist Associations and Art Movements)

& Author Notes

All Rights Reserved