BuddhaArtist(s)ChineseArtist NationalityChinese (culture or style)Medium & SupportbronzeDimensions
3 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/2 in (7.62 cm x 3.81 cm x 1.27 cm)Credit LineGift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. SpinkSubject matterBuddha
, (Sanskrit: “Awakened One”) clan name (Sanskrit) Gautama
or (Pali) Gotama
, personal name (Sanskrit) Siddhartha
or (Pali) Siddhattha
, (born c. 6th–4th century BCE, Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, Shakya republic, Kosala kingdom [now in Nepal]—died, Kusinara, Malla republic, Magadha kingdom [now Kasia, India]), the founder of Buddhism, one of the major religions and philosophical systems of southern and eastern Asia and of the world. Buddha
is one of the many epithets of a teacher who lived in northern India sometime between the 6th and the 4th century before the Common Era.
His followers, known as Buddhists, propagated the religion that is known today as Buddhism. The title buddha
was used by a number of religious groups in ancient India and had a range of meanings, but it came to be associated most strongly with the tradition of Buddhism and to mean an enlightened being, one who has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and achieved freedom from suffering. According to the various traditions of Buddhism, there have been buddhas in the past and there will be buddhas in the future. Some forms of Buddhism hold that there is only one buddha for each historical age; others hold that all beings will eventually become buddhas because they possess the buddha nature (tathagatagarbha
Figure with a teardrop-shaped background.Primary Object Classification Sculpture Primary Object TypefigureCollection AreaAsianRights
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