Model of a pigpenArtist(s)ChineseArtist NationalityChinese (culture or style)Object Creation Date25-220 CEMedium & Supportearthenware with glazeDimensions
8 1/2 in x 11 13/16 in x 9 13/16 in (21.59 cm x 30 cm x 24.92 cm)Credit LineMuseum purchase made possible by the Friends of the Museum of ArtSubject matter
By the Western Han dynasty, basic household bowls, plates, basins, jars, etc. were produced in great quantity, not only for use in daily life, but also specifically for tombs as mingqi
(明器) (literally "bright objects"), or grave goods, as a way to provide for the deceased. These mingqi
included everything one would need during the afterlife. Naturally, these objects reflected daily life during the Han. Mingqi
could include houses, towers, gates, granaries, livestock pens, chicken coops, wells, cooking stoves, storage vessels, dishes, incense burners, lamps and figures such as horses, dogs, anthropomorphic animals, and people such as officials, guardians, servants and entertainers, and more. The number of ceramic mingqi
items in a tomb could reach numbers of a few to several hundred objects.
During the Western Han, it was common for northern potters to create pigsties as mingqi.
By the Eastern Han, a variety of domesticated livestock in their pens could be found in tombs. This particular model displays a variety of production techniques including wheel throwing and altering, molded parts, slab construction and hand sculpting. Physical Description
A red, circular-shaped earthenware pigpen, containing one pig, below a cylindrical tower shed with a window and a peaked roof displaying ridges. Stairs connect the shed to the pen. It is covered in a green lead glaze with iridescence and calcification. Primary Object Classification Ceramic Primary Object Typefunerary sculptureAdditional Object Classification(s)SculptureCollection AreaAsianRights
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animal housing (farm structures)
ceramics (object genre)