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Between and Mortarboard


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Pot

Accession Number
2000/2.108

Title
Pot

Artist(s)
Yoruba

Artist Nationality
Yoruba (culture or style)

Object Creation Date
early 20th century

Medium & Support
terracotta

Dimensions
7 5/16 in x 10 1/8 in (18.6 cm x 25.7 cm)

Credit Line
Gift of Dr. James and Vivian Curtis


Subject matter
Yoruba-speaking peoples have a long history of ceramic arts, as terracotta figures from the city of Ife and surrounding areas date back to the 11th century and earlier. While vessels were sometimes created for use in shrines dedicated to various orisas (gods), pottery was also created for practical purposes. Large pots were used to store palm oil, while decanters held palm wine. In the area of Ogbomoso, brides sometimes stored their trousseaus in large wedding pots. The fish on this object may be mudfish, a symbol of Olokun, a deity of the sea that was popular among the Owo and Ijebu Yoruba kingdoms.

References Cited: 
Beier, Georgina. 1980. "Yoruba Pottery." African Arts, Vol. 13, No. 3: pp. 48-53;92.  
Drewal, Henry John. 2008. "Mami Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and Its Diasporas." African Arts, Vol. 41, No. 2: pp. 60-83. 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Physical Description
A short, round clay vessel, wide at the middle while narrowing toward the top and bottom. The top half of the vessel is decorated with  3 alternating human faces and 3 fish, perhaps mudfish.   There are also alternating columns and triangles around the top half, each decorated with various patterns of lines. The neck of the vessel is decorated with horizontal grooves. 

Primary Object Classification
Ceramic

Primary Object Type
pot

Collection Area
African

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form. Keywords
bowl
ceremonial vessels
fish (animals)
pottery (visual works)
seas
storage vessels

& Author Notes

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