Powder HornArtist(s)Object Creation Datecirca 1890-1920Medium & Supportbrass, string, beads, and corkDimensions
5 1/2 in x 1 15/16 in x 1 3/16 in (13.97 cm x 4.92 cm x 3.02 cm)Credit LineGift of Dr. James and Vivian CurtisSubject matter
This object listed as made by Kirdi peoples, while most likely correct, is not without issue. “Kirdi”, meaning pagan, was the label given to the various peoples from northern Cameroon, northeastern Nigeria, and southern Chad by neighboring Fulani and Kanuri peoples because they did not practice Islam, while the latter do. The people collectively known as “Kirdi” are actually many different cultural groups with their own customs. However, due to a lack of information on where exactly this object came from, it is not possible to say with certainty which group of people created it.
Cast from brass, powder horns were once prestige items. They are part of a group of objects related to smoking, including brass pipes and snuff containers.
Gebauer, Paul. 1979. Art of Cameroon.
Portland, Or.: Portland Art Museum.
Lembezat, Bertrand. 1961. Les populations païennes du Nord-Cameroun et de l'Adamaoua.
Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Lembezat, Bertrand. 1952. Mukulehe; un clan montagnard du Nord-Cameroun; coutumes, rites, croyances.
Northern, Tamara. 1984. The Art of Cameroon.
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Page, Donna. 2007. A Cameroon World.
New York: QCC Art Gallery Press.Physical Description
Brass horn with a string of brass and red beads attached to a cork stopper. The top edge and bottom edge of the horn are decorated with incised braided patterns. Primary Object Classification Metalwork Primary Object TypevesselCollection AreaAfricanRights
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