Portrait de Stéphane MallarméArtist(s)Paul GauguinObject Creation Date1891Medium & Supportetching, drypoint, engraving and aquatint, printed in brown ink on cream wove paDimensions
19 1/8 in. x 14 3/16 in. ( 48.5 cm x 36.1 cm )Credit LineMuseum purchase made possible by the Jean Paul Slusser Memorial FundSubject matter
Mallarmé was a friend to many of the Impressionist painters in the late 1800s, including Whistler, Redon, Manet, Degas, Monet, and Renoir. For both Gauguin and Mallarmé the role of imagination was paramount, and Gauguin’s image of the poet contrasts sharply with that of Whistler’s. Just as with Whistler’s portrait, Gauguin’s also shows the figure emerging from a shaded background although the figure’s placement within the image is quite different. Gauguin brings Mallarmé closer to the viewer than Whistler’s more psychologically distant rendering. Mallarmé translated Edgar Allen Poe’s poem, The Raven, into French and a raven occupies the space just behind the French poet’s head.
This is Gauguin’s only attempt at etching, although he worked extensively in woodcut, and was executed shortly before he left for Polynesia. Very few impressions were taken of this image during Gauguin’s lifetime; this impression, although taken posthumously, is among the limited number taken from the plate.Physical Description
A shoulder-length portrait of a man occupies the bottom half of the image. The upper portion of the image is untouched. The man's head is silhouetted against a very dark background created by dense marks and hatching that prints very dark. The man looks away from the viewer to the left; behind his head is a partially drawn crow or raven. The man has short hair, moustache and beard.Primary Object Classification Print Primary Object TypeportraitCollection AreaWesternRights
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copper engraving (printing process)
drypoint (printing process)
men (male humans)