French Prints and Caricatures 

Honoré Victorin Daumier
The Urchin of Paris in the Tuileries (Le Gamin de Paris aux Tuileries)
lithograph on newsprint
14 3/4 in x 10 1/8 in (37.47 cm x 25.72 cm)
Bequest of Doris Margaret Grigaut for the Paul Leroy Grigaut Memorial Collection
Honoré Victorin Daumier
Thi... (Portrait of Adolphe Thiers)
lithograph on heavy white wove paper
13 5/16 in x 10 3/16 in (33.81 cm x 25.88 cm);5 11/16 in x 5 11/16 in (14.45 cm x 14.45 cm);13 5/16 in x 10 5/16 in (33.81 cm x 26.19 cm);14 5/16 in x 19 5/16 in (36.35 cm x 49.05 cm)
Gift of the Emil Weddige Collection
Honoré Victorin Daumier
Les Representans Representes Pl. 40 Buffet (Louis-Joseph Buffet) 'Ministre du co
lithograph on paper
14 1/8 in x 10 in (35.88 cm x 25.4 cm);7 5/16 in x 10 1/16 in (18.57 cm x 25.56 cm);10 in x 14 1/8 in (25.4 cm x 35.88 cm);14 1/4 in x 19 1/4 in (36.2 cm x 48.89 cm)
Gift of Chet and Mary LaMore
Paper size: h 37cm x tw 27 4/5cm & bw 28 1/5cm. Image size: (approximately) w 32cm x h 24cm.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Mille Lender en Buste
color lithograph on cream wove paper
16 1/2 in. x 13 in. ( 41.91 cm x 33.02 cm )
Gift of Ruth W. and Clarence J. Boldt, Jr.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Une Spectatrice, from the portfolio "Le Café Concert"
lithograph on wove paper, bound in a volume
10 7/16 in. x 7 3/16 in. ( 26.5 cm x 18.2 cm )
Museum Purchase
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Aristide Bruant, from the portfolio "Le Café Concert"
lithograph on wove paper, bound in a volume
10 7/16 in. x 8 3/16 in. ( 26.5 cm x 20.8 cm )
Museum Purchase
Jules Cheret
Entertainment Place of the Students (Redoute des étudiants), from Les Maitres de
color lithograph on paper
15 3/8 in. x 11 in. ( 39.1 cm x 28 cm )
In memory of Anne Lee White
Nine caricatures from the daily press mounted on the same sheet of paper.
Honoré Victorin Daumier
Page from an album: Nine caricatures
woodcuts
14 3/16 in x 10 5/8 in (36.04 cm x 26.99 cm);14 1/16 in x 10 13/16 in (35.72 cm x 27.46 cm);1 9/16 in x 2 5/16 in (3.97 cm x 5.87 cm);3 7/16 in x 3 1/8 in (8.73 cm x 7.94 cm);1 9/16 in x 1 15/16 in (3.97 cm x 4.92 cm);3 1/16 in x 1 13/16 in (7.78 cm x 4.6 cm);1 9/16 in x 3 1/16 in (3.97 cm x 7.78 cm);2 5/16 in x 2 1/2 in (5.87 cm x 6.35 cm);2 3/8 in x 1 7/8 in (6.03 cm x 4.76 cm);2 7/8 in x 3 3/16 in (7.3 cm x 8.1 cm);2 1/2 in x 1 15/16 in (6.35 cm x 4.92 cm)
Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink
This black and white print shows a winter mountain scene with steep snow covered peaks and a compound of buildings in the pass between them. There is a large crowd of soldiers, some on foot and some on horseback, who are gathered around their commander. He stands on a snowy rise and points to a friar who holds a basket of bread. Other friars walk among the foot soldiers to distribute bread. There is French writing below the scene that identifies the title, artist and publisher of the print.
Théodore Géricault
Napoleon at the St. Bernard Pass (Passage de Mont St. Bernard)
lithograph on cream wove paper
17 7/8 in x 19 5/8 in (45.4 cm x 49.85 cm);20 7/8 in x 22 1/16 in (53.02 cm x 56.04 cm);17 7/8 in x 19 5/8 in (45.4 cm x 49.85 cm);14 in x 16 3/8 in (35.56 cm x 41.59 cm)
Gift of Gilbert Frimet
A man laying on his back dominates this landscape-oriented black-and-white lithograph. He is fully dressed. Positioned diagonally across the foreground and depicted using dramatic foreshortening, his face is near the viewer (a mustache is visible, and he wears a hat reminiscent of a kepi, or military hat), while his stiff upturned feet lead the eye towards the ramshackle wall of paving stones that cuts horizontally across the top third of the composition. A pair of feet peeking out of striped trousers jut into the lower right foreground, while stones and possibly a wheel fill the left foreground. Hazy fences and buildings rise in the background empty stretches of street.<br /><br />
The work is signed on the stone (on one of the piled-up paving stones) in the front left foreground: “Manet / 1871”.<br /><br />
Title printed in typeface below the image: "GUERRE CIVILE"
Édouard Manet
Guerre Civile
lithograph on laid China paper
15 1/2 in x 19 7/8 in (39.37 cm x 50.48 cm);22 1/16 in x 28 1/16 in (56.04 cm x 71.28 cm);19 1/4 in x 24 7/16 in (48.89 cm x 62.07 cm);15 11/16 in x 19 15/16 in (39.85 cm x 50.64 cm)
Museum Purchase

Due to the popular emerging form of print culture in the 19th century, writers and artists were able to publish their ideas and works in more accessible means to the masses, which incidentally in France, stoked the revolutions of the century.

Honoré-Victorin Daumier was a French printmaker during this period, who is best remembered for his political caricatures. Perhaps his most well-known caricature was that of King Louis Philippe, Gargantua, from 1831, in which the King is depicted as the giant French monster Gargantua, eating up his subjects' money and defecating them out as laws that only benefited the bureaucracy and elite. Consequently, this publication landed Daumier in prison for some time, and generated a new and more vigorous reinforcement of press laws, or in other words, censorship.

File:Honoré Daumier - Gargantua.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

Gargantua, Honoré-Victorin Daumier 1831


Towards the later end of the century, print culture had morphed as a means for artists to document modern life, primarily in the cities of France.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a printmaker whose ties with the theatrical nightlife of Paris is commonly illustrated in his posters, lithographs and woodcuts. A popular setting for his works was the Moulin Rouge, a cabaret where the provocative can-can dance was invented, as well as other café-concerts. He also highlighted dancers and performers in his illustrations: "La Goulue" was a can-can dancer and the star of the Moulin Rouge, known for guzzling customers' drinks as she danced; Aristide Bruant was a cabaret singer whose satirical lyrics often poked fun at the upper-class.

La Goulue - Wikipedia

Moulin Rouge: La Goulue, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec 1891


Ambassadeurs: Aristide Bruant, Toulouse-Lautrec 1892


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April 4, 2020 12:48 p.m.

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