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Pinel Unchains the Insane, from "The History of Medicine"

Accession Number
UMHS.22

Title
Pinel Unchains the Insane, from "The History of Medicine"

Artist(s)
Robert Thom

Object Creation Date
circa 1952

Medium & Support
oil on canvas

Dimensions
49 3/4 in. x 40 1/4 in. ( 126.37 cm x 102.24 cm )

Credit Line
Collection of the University of Michigan Health System, Gift of Pfizer Inc.

Physical Description
The Father of Psychiatry, French physician Philippe Pinel, in 1795 ordered chains and fetters removed from insame women in the Salpêtrière, large Parisian hospital. Two years earlier, he had similarily unchained insane men in the Bicêtre. Despite political and medical opposition and uncertainties of life during the hectic period of the French Revolution, Pinel persisted in replacing cruelty and inhumanity with understanding, kindness, and rational therapy. His success in curing and relieving patients suffering from mental diseases opened new perspectives for psychiatric research and practice.

Primary Object Classification
Painting

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
medicine (discipline)
physicians
science
scientists

& Author Notes

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