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Bust of George Washington (1732-1799), after Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828)

Accession Number
1895.12

Title
Bust of George Washington (1732-1799), after Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828)

Artist(s)
Randolph Rogers

Artist Nationality
American (North American)

Object Creation Date
1868

Medium & Support
marble

Dimensions
31 3/4 in x 21 15/16 in x 13 1/2 in (80.64 cm x 55.72 cm x 34.29 cm)

Credit Line
Bequest of Henry C. Lewis

Subject matter
An American expatriate sculptor, Randolph Rogers grew up in Ann Arbor but spent much of his adult life in Rome. As was typical of many aspiring 19th-century American sculptors, Rogers went to Italy to study classical Greek and Roman art as an essential prelude to becoming an accomplished artist. Although he was accustomed to studying and copying from classical sculpture, he also created replicas of 18th-century works, such as French sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon’s Bust of George Washington, whose heroicized likeness, draping fabric and reserved expression would have appealed to Rogers’ Neoclassical taste. Rogers completed the bust of Washington in 1868, just three years after the end of the American Civil War, during a time of great change and an increasing desire on both moral and aesthetic grounds to return to the order, democracy and calm grandeur of the Roman Republic.
Houdon modeled his bust of George Washington from life in 1785 after spending two weeks in Washington’s home at Mount Vernon taking measurements, making casts of the general’s shoulders and sculpting wet clay models, which he used to produce countless commissioned sculptures in numerous variations. Rogers likely copied Houdon’s bust from photographs or prints of the work, first modeling it in clay, then casting it in plaster to be given to stonecutters who sculpted it in marble, as was common practice among many sculptors of the time.

Physical Description
This is a white marble sculpture that depicts the upper torso of a man. There is drapery wrapped loosely around his figure. He is shown staring into the viewer's space and his facial expression is calm and reserved. This sculpture is carved in a realistic manner and rests on a columnar pedestal.

Primary Object Classification
Sculpture

Primary Object Type
bust

Additional Object Classification(s)
Sculpture

Collection Area
Western

Rights
If you are interested in using an image for a publication, please visit http://umma.umich.edu/request-image for more information and to fill out the online Image Rights and Reproductions Request Form.

Keywords
bust
busts (figures)
portraits
presidents
robes (main garments)
sculpture (visual works)
stone
stone (worked rock)

6 Related Resources

Art of the Enlightenment Era
(Part of 2 Learning Collections)
Greek Cultural Influence
(Part of 4 Learning Collections)
Fifth Grade Tour: Picturing America
(Part of: Visit UMMA: Curricular Tour Descriptions for Teachers)
Essay: Cunliffe, Washington, Lincoln, and Douglass
(Part of 3 Learning Collections)
Fifth Grade: Picturing America
(Part of: Docent Curricular Tours)

& Author Notes

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